[kuh n-sur-vuh-tiv] /kənˈsɜr və tɪv/
disposed to preserve existing conditions, institutions, etc., or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change.
cautiously moderate or purposefully low:
a conservative estimate.
traditional in style or manner; avoiding novelty or showiness:
(often initial capital letter) of or relating to the Conservative party.
(initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Conservative Jews or Conservative Judaism.
having the power or tendency to or preserve.
Mathematics. (of a vector or vector function) having curl equal to zero; irrotational; lamellar.
a person who is conservative in principles, actions, habits, etc.
a supporter of conservative political policies.
(initial capital letter) a member of a conservative political party, especially the Conservative party in Great Britain.
favouring the preservation of established customs, values, etc, and opposing innovation
of, characteristic of, or relating to conservatism
tending to be moderate or cautious: a conservative estimate
conventional in style or type: a conservative suit
(med) (of treatment) designed to alleviate symptoms Compare radical (sense 4)
(physics) a field of force, system, etc, in which the work done moving a body from one point to another is independent of the path taken between them: electrostatic fields of force are conservative
a person who is reluctant to change or consider new ideas; conformist
a supporter or advocate of conservatism
a less common word for preservative
adjective (in Britain, Canada, and elsewhere)
of, supporting, or relating to a Conservative Party
of, relating to, or characterizing Conservative Judaism
a supporter or member of a Conservative Party
late 14c., conservatyf, from Middle French conservatif, from Late Latin conservativus, from Latin conservatus, past participle of conservare (see conserve).
As a modern political tradition, conservatism traces to Edmund Burke’s opposition to the French Revolution (1790), but the word conservative is not found in his writing. It was coined by his French disciples, (e.g. Chateaubriand, who titled his journal defending clerical and political restoration “Le Conservateur”).
Conservative as the name of a British political faction first appeared in an 1830 issue of the “Quarterly Review,” in an unsigned article sometimes attributed to John Wilson Croker. It replaced Tory (q.v.) by 1843, reflecting both a change from the pejorative name (in use for 150 years) and repudiation of some reactionary policies. Extended to similar spirits in other parties from 1845.
Strictly speaking, conservatism is not a political system, but rather a way of looking at the civil order. The conservative of Peru … will differ greatly from those of Australia, for though they may share a preference for things established, the institutions and customs which they desire to preserve are not identical. [Russell Kirk (1918-1994)]
Phrases such as a conservative estimate make no sense etymologically. The noun is attested from 1831, originally in the British political sense.
conservative con·ser·va·tive (kən-sûr’və-tĭv)
Of or relating to treatment by gradual, limited, or well-established procedures; not radical.
A descriptive term for persons, policies, and beliefs associated with conservatism.
[kuh n-sid-uh-rey-shuh n] /kənˌsɪd əˈreɪ ʃən/ noun 1. the act of considering; careful thought; meditation; deliberation: I will give your project full consideration. 2. something that is or is to be kept in mind in making a decision, evaluating facts, etc.: Age was an important consideration in the decision. 3. thoughtful or sympathetic regard or […]
[kuh n-sahyn-muh nt] /kənˈsaɪn mənt/ noun 1. the act of . 2. something that is . 3. Commerce. property sent to an agent for sale, storage, or shipment. adjective 4. of, relating to, or shipped as goods on consignment: consignment selling of gift items. Idioms 5. on consignment, (of goods) sent to an agent for […]
[kuh n-stich-oo-uh nt] /kənˈstɪtʃ u ənt/ adjective 1. serving to compose or make up a thing; component: the constituent parts of a motor. 2. having power to frame or alter a political constitution or fundamental law, as distinguished from lawmaking power: a constituent assembly. noun 3. a constituent element, material, etc.; component. 4. a person […]
[kon-sti-too-shuh-nl, -tyoo-] /ˌkɒn stɪˈtu ʃə nl, -ˈtyu-/ adjective 1. of or relating to the of a state, organization, etc. 2. subject to the provisions of such a constitution: a constitutional monarchy. 3. provided by, in accordance with, or not prohibited by, such a constitution: the constitutional powers of the president; a law held to be […]