[fuhn-duh-men-tl-iz-uh m] /ˌfʌn dəˈmɛn tlˌɪz əm/

(sometimes initial capital letter) a religious movement characterized by a strict belief in the literal interpretation of religious texts, especially within American Protestantism and Islam.
the beliefs held by those in this movement.
strict adherence to any set of basic ideas or principles:
the fundamentalism of the extreme conservatives.
(Christianity) (esp among certain Protestant sects) the belief that every word of the Bible is divinely inspired and therefore true
(Islam) a movement favouring strict observance of the teachings of the Koran and Islamic law
strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs

A conservative movement in theology among nineteenth- and twentieth-century Christians. Fundamentalists believe that the statements in the Bible are literally true.

Note: Fundamentalists often argue against the theory of evolution. (See Scopes trial.)


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