[in-kuhm-buh nt] /ɪnˈkʌm bənt/
holding an indicated position, role, office, etc., currently:
the incumbent officers of the club.
obligatory (often followed by on or upon):
a duty incumbent upon me.
Archaic. resting, lying, leaning, or pressing on something:
incumbent upon the cool grass.
the holder of an office:
The incumbent was challenged by a fusion candidate.
British. a person who holds an ecclesiastical benefice.
(formal) often postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive. morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend
usually postpositive and foll by on. resting or lying (on)
a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
early 15c., “person holding a church position,” from Medieval Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens) “holder of a church position,” noun use of present participle of incumbere “to obtain or possess,” from Latin incumbere “recline on,” figuratively “apply oneself to,” from in- “on” (see in- (2)) + -cumbere “lie down,” related to cubare “to lie” (see cubicle). Extended to holders of any office from 1670s.
1560s, in relation to duties or obligations, from Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens), present participle of incumbere (see incumbent (n.)). The literal, physical sense is rare in English and first attested 1620s.
One who holds a public office. By virtue of their experience in office, their exposure to the public, and their ability to raise campaign funds, incumbents usually have a significant advantage over opponents if they choose to run for reelection.
[in-di-pen-duh nt] /ˌɪn dɪˈpɛn dənt/ adjective 1. not influenced or controlled by others in matters of opinion, conduct, etc.; thinking or acting for oneself: an independent thinker. 2. not subject to another’s authority or jurisdiction; autonomous; free: an independent businessman. 3. not influenced by the thought or action of others: independent research. 4. not dependent; […]
[in-deks] /ˈɪn dɛks/ noun, plural indexes, indices [in-duh-seez] /ˈɪn dəˌsiz/ (Show IPA) 1. (in a nonfiction book, monograph, etc.) a more or less detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually included in or constituting the back matter. 2. a […]
[in-dahy-tuh-buh l] /ɪnˈdaɪ tə bəl/ adjective 1. liable to being , as a person. 2. making a person liable to , as an offense. /ɪnˈdaɪtəbəl/ adjective (criminal law) 1. (of a person) liable to be indicted 2. (of a crime) that makes a person liable to be indicted
[in-dij-uh-nuh s] /ɪnˈdɪdʒ ə nəs/ adjective 1. originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native (often followed by to): the plants indigenous to Canada; the indigenous peoples of southern Africa. 2. innate; inherent; natural (usually followed by to): feelings indigenous to human beings. /ɪnˈdɪdʒɪnəs/ adjective when postpositive, foll by to 1. originating […]