[dih-tur-muh-niz-uh m] /dɪˈtɜr məˌnɪz əm/
the doctrine that all facts and events exemplify natural laws.
the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, have sufficient causes.
Also called necessitarianism. the philosophical doctrine that all events including human actions and choices are fully determined by preceding events and states of affairs, and so that freedom of choice is illusory Compare free will (sense 1b)
the scientific doctrine that all occurrences in nature take place in accordance with natural laws
the principle in classical mechanics that the values of dynamic variables of a system and of the forces acting on the system at a given time, completely determine the values of the variables at any later time
1846, in theology (lack of free will); 1876 in general sense of “doctrine that everything happens by a necessary causation,” from French déterminisme, from German Determinismus, perhaps a back-formation from Praedeterminismus (see determine).
determinism de·ter·min·ism (dĭ-tûr’mə-nĭz’əm)
The philosophical doctrine that every event, act, and decision is the inevitable consequence of antecedents, such as genetic and environmental influences, that are independent of the human will.
In ethics, the view that human actions are entirely controlled by previous conditions, operating under laws of nature. Determinism is often understood as ruling out free will.
- Nondeterministic automaton
theory (Or “probabilistic automaton”) An automaton in which there are several possible actions (outputs and next states) at each state of the computation such that the overall course of the computation is not completely determined by the program, the starting state, and the initial inputs. See also nondeterministic Turing Machine. (1996-05-07)
- Nondeterministic polynomial time
complexity (NP) A set or property of computational decision problems solvable by a nondeterministic Turing Machine in a number of steps that is a polynomial function of the size of the input. The word “nondeterministic” suggests a method of generating potential solutions using some form of nondeterminism or “trial and error”. This may take exponential […]
- Nondeterministic turing machine
complexity A normal (deterministic) Turing Machine that has a “guessing head” – a write-only head that writes a guess at a solution on the tape first, based on some arbitrary internal algorithm. The regular Turing Machine then runs and returns “yes” or “no” to indicate whether the solution is correct. A nondeterministic Turing Machine can […]
[de-truh-men-tl] /ˌdɛ trəˈmɛn tl/ adjective 1. causing , as loss or injury; damaging; harmful. noun 2. a detrimental person or thing. /ˌdɛtrɪˈmɛntəl/ adjective 1. when postpositive, foll by to. harmful; injurious; prejudicial: smoking can be detrimental to health adj. 1650s; see detriment + -al (1). Related: Detrimentally.