Orion



[uh-rahy-uh n] /əˈraɪ ən/

noun, genitive Orionis
[awr-ee-oh-nis, or-, uh-rahy-uh-nis] /ˌɔr iˈoʊ nɪs, ˌɒr-, əˈraɪ ə nɪs/ (Show IPA), for 2.
1.
Classical Mythology. a giant hunter who pursued the Pleiades, was eventually slain by Artemis, and was then placed in the sky as a constellation.
2.
Astronomy. the Hunter, a constellation lying on the celestial equator between Canis Major and Taurus, containing the bright stars Betelgeuse and Rigel.
3.
Military. a land-based U.S. Navy patrol plane with four turboprop engines, used to detect, track, and destroy enemy submarines and armed with missiles, torpedoes, mines, and depth bombs.
/əˈraɪən/
noun
1.
(Greek myth) a Boeotian giant famed as a great hunter, who figures in several tales
/əˈraɪən/
noun (Latin genitive) Orionis (ˌɔːrɪˈəʊnɪs)
1.
a conspicuous constellation near Canis Major containing two first magnitude stars (Betelgeuse and Rigel) and a distant bright emission nebula (the Orion Nebula) associated with a system of giant molecular clouds and star formation

bright constellation, late 14c., from Greek Oarion, name of a giant in Greek mythology, loved by Aurora, slain by Artemis, of unknown origin, though some speculate on Akkadian Uru-anna “the Light of Heaven.” Another Greek name for the constellation was Kandaon, a title of Ares, god of war, and the star pattern is represented in many cultures as a giant (e.g. Old Irish Caomai “the Armed King,” Old Norse Orwandil, Old Saxon Ebuðrung).
Orion
(ō-rī’ən)
A constellation in the equatorial region of the celestial sphere, near Taurus and Gemini. Orion (the Hunter) contains the bright stars Betelgeuse and Rigel.

Heb. Kesil; i.e., “the fool”, the name of a constellation (Job 9:9; 38:31; Amos 5:8) consisting of about eighty stars. The Vulgate renders thus, but the LXX. renders by Hesperus, i.e., “the evening-star,” Venus. The Orientals “appear to have conceived of this constellation under the figure of an impious giant bound upon the sky.” This giant was, according to tradition, Nimrod, the type of the folly that contends against God. In Isa. 13:10 the plural form of the Hebrew word is rendered “constellations.”

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  • Orionids

    [uh-rahy-uh-nidz, awr-ee-oh-, ohr-] /əˈraɪ ə nɪdz, ˌɔr iˈoʊ-, ˌoʊr-/ noun, (used with a plural verb) Astronomy. 1. a collection of meteors comprising a meteor shower (Orionid meteor shower) visible during October, and having its apparent origin in the constellation Orion.

  • Orion-nebula

    noun, Astronomy. 1. a luminous nebula in the constellation Orion, in the center of Orion’s sword.



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