[awr-fuh n] /ˈɔr fən/
a child who has lost both parents through death, or, less commonly, one parent.
a young animal that has been deserted by or has lost its mother.
a person or thing that is without protective affiliation, sponsorship, etc.:
The committee is an orphan of the previous administration.
bereft of parents.
of or for orphans:
an orphan home.
not authorized, supported, or funded; not part of a system; isolated; abandoned:
an orphan research project.
lacking a commercial sponsor, an employer, etc.:
verb (used with object)
to deprive of parents or a parent through death:
He was orphaned at the age of four.
Informal. to deprive of commercial sponsorship, an employer, etc.:
The recession has orphaned many experienced workers.
(printing) the first line of a paragraph separated from the rest of the paragraph by occurring at the foot of a page
(transitive) to deprive of one or both parents
c.1300, from Late Latin orphanus “parentless child” (source of Old French orfeno, Italian orfano), from Greek orphanos “orphaned, without parents, fatherless,” literally “deprived,” from orphos “bereft,” from PIE *orbho- “bereft of father,” also “deprived of free status,” from root *orbh- “to change allegiance, to pass from one status to another” (cf. Hittite harb- “change allegiance,” Latin orbus “bereft,” Sanskrit arbhah “weak, child,” Armenian orb “orphan,” Old Irish orbe “heir,” Old Church Slavonic rabu “slave,” rabota “servitude” (cf. robot), Gothic arbja, German erbe, Old English ierfa “heir,” Old High German arabeit, German Arbeit “work,” Old Frisian arbed, Old English earfoð “hardship, suffering, trouble”). As an adjective from late 15c.
1814, from orphan (n.). Related: Orphaned; orphaning.
A model of a car, boat, computer, etc, which is no longer being manufactured, and for which spare parts are hard to find (1940s+)
- Orphan process
operating system A Unix process whose original parent has terminated and which has become a child of “init(1)”. Compare zombie. (1996-05-29)
- Orphan product
orphan product n. A medical device, test, or similar product that may be useful for certain diseases or disorders but that is not considered commercially viable; orphan drug.
[awr-fuh n] /ˈɔr fən/ noun 1. a child who has lost both parents through death, or, less commonly, one parent. 2. a young animal that has been deserted by or has lost its mother. 3. a person or thing that is without protective affiliation, sponsorship, etc.: The committee is an orphan of the previous administration. […]
- Orphan virus
orphan virus n. Any of various viruses, such as enteric orphan viruses, that may not be specifically associated with disease but may exhibit pathogenicity.