[kleym] /kleɪm/

verb (used with object)
to demand by or as by virtue of a right; demand as a right or as due:
to claim an estate by inheritance.
to assert and demand the recognition of (a right, title, possession, etc.); assert one’s right to:
to claim payment for services.
to assert or maintain as a fact:
She claimed that he was telling the truth.
to require as due or fitting:
to claim respect.
verb (used without object)
to make or file a claim:
to claim for additional compensation.
a demand for something as due; an assertion of a right or an alleged right:
He made unreasonable claims on the doctor’s time.
an assertion of something as a fact:
He made no claims to originality.
a right to claim or demand; a just title to something:
His claim to the heavyweight title is disputed.
something that is claimed, especially a piece of public land for which formal request is made for mining or other purposes.
a request or demand for payment in accordance with an insurance policy, a workers’ compensation law, etc.:
We filed a claim for compensation from the company.
lay claim to, to declare oneself entitled to:
I have never laid claim to being an expert in tax laws.
verb (mainly transitive)
to demand as being due or as one’s property; assert one’s title or right to: he claimed the record
(takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to assert as a fact; maintain against denial: he claimed to be telling the truth
to call for or need; deserve: this problem claims our attention
to take: the accident claimed four lives
an assertion of a right; a demand for something as due
an assertion of something as true, real, or factual: he made claims for his innocence
a right or just title to something; basis for demand: a claim to fame
lay claim to, stake a claim to, to assert one’s possession of or right to
anything that is claimed, esp in a formal or legal manner, such as a piece of land staked out by a miner
(law) a document under seal, issued in the name of the Crown or a court, commanding the person to whom it is addressed to do or refrain from doing some specified act former name writ1


c.1300, “to call, call out; to ask or demand by virtue of right or authority,” from accented stem of Old French clamer “to call, name, describe; claim; complain; declare,” from Latin clamare “to cry out, shout, proclaim,” from PIE *kele- (2) “to shout,” imitative (cf. Sanskrit usakala “cock,” literally “dawn-calling;” Latin calare “to announce solemnly, call out;” Middle Irish cailech “cock;” Greek kalein “to call,” kelados “noise,” kledon “report, fame;” Old High German halan “to call;” Old English hlowan “to low, make a noise like a cow;” Lithuanian kalba “language”). Related: Claimed; claiming.

Meaning “to maintain as true” is from 1864; specific sense “to make a claim” (on an insurance company) is from 1897. Claim properly should not stray too far from its true meaning of “to demand recognition of a right.”

early 14c., “a demand of a right; right of claiming,” from Old French claime “claim, complaint,” from clamer (see claim (v.)). Meaning “thing claimed or demanded” is from 1792; specifically “piece of land allotted and taken” (chiefly U.S. and Australia, in reference to mining) is from 1851. Insurance sense is from 1878.
In addition to the idiom beginning with


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