[oh-ver-ran] /ˌoʊ vərˈræn/
simple past tense of .
[verb oh-ver-ruhn; noun oh-ver-ruhn] /verb ˌoʊ vərˈrʌn; noun ˈoʊ vərˌrʌn/
verb (used with object), overran, overrun, overrunning.
to rove over (a country, region, etc.); invade; ravage:
a time when looting hordes had overrun the province.
to swarm over in great numbers, as animals, especially vermin; infest:
The house had been overrun by rats.
to spread or grow rapidly over, as plants, especially vines, weeds, etc.:
a garden overrun with weeds.
to attack and defeat decisively, occupying and controlling the enemy’s position; overwhelm.
to spread rapidly throughout, as a new idea or spirit:
a rekindling of scholarship that had overrun Europe.
to run or go beyond, as a certain limit:
The new jet overran the landing field.
to exceed, as a budget or estimate:
to overrun one’s allotted time.
to run over; overflow:
During the flood season, the river overruns its banks for several miles.
to outrun; overtake in running.
verb (used without object), overran, overrun, overrunning.
to run over; overflow:
a stream that always overruns at springtime.
to exceed the proper, desired, or normal quantity, limit, order, etc.:
Do you want to overrun on this next issue?
an act or instance of overrunning.
an amount in excess; surplus:
an overrun of 10,000 copies of a new book.
the exceeding of estimated costs in design, development, and production, especially as estimated in a contract:
a staggering overrun on the new fighter plane.
the amount exceeded:
an overrun of $500,000 for each fighter plane.
a run on an item of manufacture beyond the quantity ordered by a customer and often offered at a discount.
the amount by which the volume of a food, as butter or ice cream, is increased above the original volume by the inclusion of air, water, or another substance:
With only a 20 percent overrun, this is an excellent ice cream.
verb (ˌəʊvəˈrʌn) -runs, -running, -ran, -run
(transitive) to attack or invade and defeat conclusively
(transitive) to swarm or spread over rapidly
to run over (something); overflow
to extend or run beyond a limit
(intransitive) (of an engine) to run with a closed throttle at a speed dictated by that of the vehicle it drives, as on a decline
(transitive) (printing) to transfer (set type and other matter) from one column, line, or page, to another
(transitive) (archaic) to run faster than
the act or an instance of overrunning
the amount or extent of overrunning
the number of copies of a publication in excess of the quantity ordered
the cleared level area at the end of an airport runway
Old English oferyrnan; see over- + run (v.). The noun meaning “excess expenditure over budget” is from 1956. Related: Overran; overrunning.
[oh-ver-reyt] /ˌoʊ vərˈreɪt/ verb (used with object), overrated, overrating. 1. to or appraise too highly; overestimate: I think you overrate their political influence. /ˌəʊvəˈreɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) to assess too highly v. 1610s, from over- + rate (v.). Related: Overrated; overrating.
[rash-uh-nl, rash-nl] /ˈræʃ ə nl, ˈræʃ nl/ adjective 1. agreeable to reason; reasonable; sensible: a rational plan for economic development. 2. having or exercising reason, sound judgment, or good sense: a calm and rational negotiator. 3. being in or characterized by full possession of one’s reason; sane; lucid: The patient appeared perfectly rational. 4. endowed […]
[rash-uh-nl-ahyz, rash-nl-ahyz] /ˈræʃ ə nlˌaɪz, ˈræʃ nlˌaɪz/ verb (used with object), rationalized, rationalizing. 1. to ascribe (one’s acts, opinions, etc.) to causes that superficially seem reasonable and valid but that actually are unrelated to the true, possibly unconscious and often less creditable or agreeable causes. 2. to remove unreasonable elements from. 3. to make or […]
[oh-ver-reech] /ˌoʊ vərˈritʃ/ verb (used with object) 1. to or extend over or beyond: The shelf overreached the nook and had to be planed down. 2. to go beyond, as a thing aimed at or sought: an arrow that had overreached the target. 3. to stretch to excess, as by a straining effort: to overreach […]