Patronage



[pey-truh-nij, pa‐] /ˈpeɪ trə nɪdʒ, ˈpæ‐/

noun
1.
the financial support or business provided to a store, hotel, or the like, by customers, clients, or paying guests.
2.
collectively; clientele.
3.
the control of or power to make appointments to government jobs or the power to grant other political favors.
4.
offices, jobs, or other favors so controlled.
5.
the distribution of jobs and favors on a political basis, as to those who have supported one’s party or political campaign.
6.
a condescending manner or attitude in granting favors, in dealing with people, etc.; condescension:
an air of patronage toward his business subordinates.
7.
the position, encouragement, influence, or support of a , as toward an artist, institution, etc.
8.
the right of presentation to an ecclesiastical benefice; advowson.
/ˈpætrənɪdʒ/
noun
1.

2.
(in politics)

3.

4.
(Christianity) the right to present a clergyman to a benefice
n.

late 14c., “right of presenting a qualified person to a church benefice,” from Old French patronage (14c.) from patron (see patron). Secular sense of “action of giving influential support” is from 1550s. General sense of “power to give jobs or favors” is from 1769; meaning “regular business of customers” is 1804.
patronage [(pay-truh-nij, pat-ruh-nij)]

The power of a government official or leader to make appointments and offer favors. Once in office, a politician can use patronage to build a loyal following. Though practiced at all levels of government, patronage is most often associated with the machine politics of big cities. (See spoils system.)

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    [pey-truh n] /ˈpeɪ trən/ noun 1. a person who is a customer, client, or paying guest, especially a regular one, of a store, hotel, or the like. 2. a person who supports with money, gifts, efforts, or endorsement an artist, writer, museum, cause, charity, institution, special event, or the like: a patron of the arts; […]

  • Patrones

    [pey-truh n] /ˈpeɪ trən/ noun 1. a person who is a customer, client, or paying guest, especially a regular one, of a store, hotel, or the like. 2. a person who supports with money, gifts, efforts, or endorsement an artist, writer, museum, cause, charity, institution, special event, or the like: a patron of the arts; […]



  • Patroness

    [pey-truh-nis] /ˈpeɪ trə nɪs/ noun 1. a woman who protects, supports, or sponsors someone or something. /ˈpeɪtrənˌɛs/ noun 1. a woman who sponsors or aids artists, charities, etc; protector or benefactor 2. See patron saint n. early 15c., from Medieval Latin patronissa, fem. of patronus “protector, defender” (see patron).

  • Patronise

    [pey-truh-nahyz, pa‐] /ˈpeɪ trəˌnaɪz, ˈpæ‐/ verb (used with object), patronized, patronizing. 1. to give (a store, restaurant, hotel, etc.) one’s regular ; trade with. 2. to behave in an offensively condescending manner toward: a professor who patronizes his students. 3. to act as a toward (an artist, institution, etc.); support. /ˈpætrəˌnaɪz/ verb 1. to behave […]



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