Pavilion



[puh-vil-yuh n] /pəˈvɪl yən/

noun
1.
a light, usually open building used for shelter, concerts, exhibits, etc., as in a park or fair.
2.
any of a number of separate or attached buildings forming a hospital or the like.
3.
Architecture. a projecting element of a façade, used especially at the center or at each end and usually treated so as to suggest a tower.
4.
a tent, especially a large and elaborate one.
5.
a small, ornamental building in a garden.
6.
Also called base. Jewelry. the part of a cut gem below the girdle.
verb (used with object)
7.
to shelter in or as if in a pavilion.
8.
to furnish with pavilions.
/pəˈvɪljən/
noun
1.
(Brit) a building at a sports ground, esp a cricket pitch, in which players change
2.
a summerhouse or other decorative shelter
3.
a building or temporary structure, esp one that is open and ornamental, for housing exhibitions
4.
a large ornate tent, esp one with a peaked top, as used by medieval armies
5.
one of a set of buildings that together form a hospital or other large institution
6.
one of four main facets on a brilliant-cut stone between the girdle and the culet
verb (transitive) (literary)
7.
to place or set in or as if in a pavilion: pavilioned in splendour
8.
to provide with a pavilion or pavilions
n.

c.1200, “large, stately tent,” from Old French paveillon “large tent; butterfly” (12c.), from Latin papilionem (nominative papilio) “butterfly, moth,” in Medieval Latin “tent” (see papillon); the type of tent so called on resemblance to wings. Meaning “open building in a park, etc., used for shelter or entertainment” is attested from 1680s.

a tent or tabernacle (2 Sam. 22:12; 1 Kings 20:12-16), or enclosure (Ps. 18:11; 27:5). In Jer. 43:10 it probably denotes the canopy suspended over the judgement-seat of the king.

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