[pee-nol-uh-jee] /piˈnɒl ə dʒi/
the study of the punishment of crime, in both its deterrent and its reformatory aspects.
the study of the management of prisons.
the branch of the social sciences concerned with the punishment of crime
the science of prison management
“study of punishment and crime prevention,” 1838, coined apparently by Francis Lieber, corresponding member of the Philadephia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, from pen- as in penitentiary (ultimately from Latin poena “penalty, punishment;” see penal) + -ology “study of.” Related: Penologist; penological.
[pen-uh n-sel] /ˈpɛn ənˌsɛl/ noun 1. . [pen-suh l] /ˈpɛn səl/ noun 1. a small pennon, as at the head of a lance. [pen-uh n-sel] /ˈpɛn ənˌsɛl/ noun 1. . /ˈpɛnsəl/ noun 1. a small pennon, originally one carried by a knight’s squire
noun 1. a person with whom one keeps up an exchange of letters, usually someone so far away that a personal meeting is unlikely: My niece in Texas has a pen pal in France. noun 1. a person with whom one regularly exchanges letters, often a person in another country whom one has not met […]
[pen-point] /ˈpɛnˌpɔɪnt/ noun 1. the or writing end of a , especially a small, tapering, metallic device having a split tip for drawing up ink and for writing; nib. 2. the tip or of a ball-point or other .
penicillinase pen·i·cil·li·nase (pěn’ĭ-sĭl’ĭ-nās’) n.