Pessimism



[pes-uh-miz-uh m] /ˈpɛs əˌmɪz əm/

noun
1.
the tendency to see, anticipate, or emphasize only bad or undesirable outcomes, results, conditions, problems, etc.:
His pessimism about the future of our country depresses me.
2.
the doctrine that the existing world is the worst of all possible worlds, or that all things naturally tend to evil.
3.
the belief that the evil and pain in the world are not compensated for by goodness and happiness.
/ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzəm/
noun
1.
the tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things
2.
the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good
3.
the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man’s sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence
n.

1794 “worst condition possible,” borrowed (by Coleridge) from French pessimisme, formed (on model of French optimisme) from Latin pessimus “worst,” originally “bottom-most,” from PIE *ped-samo-, superlative of root *pes- “foot” (see foot (n.)). As a name given to the doctrines of Schopenhauer, Hartmann, etc., that this is the worst possible world, or that everything tends toward evil, it is first recorded 1835, from German pessimismus (Schopenhauer, 1819). The attempt to make a verb of it as pessimize (1862) did not succeed.

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  • Pessimist

    [pes-uh-mist] /ˈpɛs ə mɪst/ noun 1. a person who habitually sees or anticipates the worst or is disposed to be gloomy. 2. an adherent of the doctrine of . n. 1820, “one who habitually expects the worst” (Knowles’ dictionary, 1835, defines it as “A universal complainer”), from 19c. French pessimiste (see pessimism).

  • Pessimistic

    [pes-uh-mis-tik] /ˌpɛs əˈmɪs tɪk/ adjective 1. pertaining to or characterized by or the tendency to expect only bad outcomes; gloomy; joyless; unhopeful: His pessimistic outlook kept him from applying for jobs for which he was perfectly qualified. adj. 1866, from pessimist + -ic.



  • Pertained

    [per-teyn] /pərˈteɪn/ verb (used without object) 1. to have reference or relation; relate: documents pertaining to the lawsuit. 2. to belong or be connected as a part, adjunct, possession, or attribute. 3. to belong properly or fittingly; be appropriate. /pəˈteɪn/ verb (intransitive) often foll by to 1. to have reference, relation, or relevance: issues pertaining […]

  • Pertain

    [per-teyn] /pərˈteɪn/ verb (used without object) 1. to have reference or relation; relate: documents pertaining to the lawsuit. 2. to belong or be connected as a part, adjunct, possession, or attribute. 3. to belong properly or fittingly; be appropriate. /pəˈteɪn/ verb (intransitive) often foll by to 1. to have reference, relation, or relevance: issues pertaining […]



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