Pest



[pest] /pɛst/

noun
1.
an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance.
2.
an insect or other small animal that harms or destroys garden plants, trees, etc.
3.
a deadly epidemic disease, especially a plague; pestilence.
[pest; Hungarian pesht] /pɛst; Hungarian pɛʃt/
noun
1.
See under .
[boo-duh-pest, boo-duh-pest; Hungarian boo -do-pesht] /ˈbu dəˌpɛst, ˌbu dəˈpɛst; Hungarian ˈbʊ dɒˌpɛʃt/
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Hungary, in the central part, on the Danube River: formed 1873 from two cities on the W bank of the Danube (Buda and Obuda) and one on the E bank (Pest)
/pɛst/
noun
1.
a person or thing that annoys, esp by imposing itself when it is not wanted; nuisance
2.

3.
(rare) an epidemic disease or pestilence
/ˌbjuːdəˈpɛst; Hungarian ˈbudɔpɛʃt/
noun
1.
the capital of Hungary, on the River Danube: formed in 1873 from the towns of Buda and Pest. Traditionally Buda, the old Magyar capital, was the administrative and Pest the trade centre: suffered severely in the Russian siege of 1945 and in the unsuccessful revolt against the Communist regime (1956). Pop: 1 719 342 (2003 est)
n.

1550s (in imprecations, “a pest upon ____,” etc.), “plague, pestilence,” from Middle French peste (1530s), from Latin pestis “deadly contagious disease; a curse, bane,” of uncertain origin. Meaning “noxious or troublesome person or thing” first recorded c.1600.

Hungarian capital, formed 1872 from merger of two cities on opposite shores of the Danube, Buda (probably from a word originally meaning “water”) + Pest, a Hungarian word meaning “furnace, oven, cove,” also in Slavic (cf. Russian pech’). Cf. Ofen, literally “oven,” the old German name for the place.

pest (pěst)
n.

Budapest [(booh-duh-pest, booh-duh-pesht)]

Capital of Hungary and largest city in the country, located in north-central Hungary on both banks of the Danube River; the industrial, cultural, and transportation center of Hungary.

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