[fi-nish-uh n, -nee-shuh n] /fɪˈnɪʃ ən, -ˈni ʃən/

a native or inhabitant of .
the extinct Semitic language of the Phoenicians.
of or relating to , its people, or their language.
noting or pertaining to the script used for the writing of Phoenician from the 11th century b.c. or earlier and from which were derived the Greek, Roman, and all other Western alphabets.
/fəˈniːʃən; -ˈnɪʃɪən/
a member of an ancient Semitic people of NW Syria who dominated the trade of the ancient world in the first millennium bc and founded colonies throughout the Mediterranean
the extinct language of this people, belonging to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family
of or relating to Phoenicia, the Phoenicians, or their language

late 14c., from Middle French phenicien, from Latin Phoenice, from Greek Phoinike “Phoenicia” (including Carthage), perhaps literally “land of the purple” (i.e., source of purple dye, the earliest use of which was ascribed to the Phoenicians by the Greeks). Identical with phoenix (q.v.), but the relationship is obscure. In reference to a language from 1836; as an adjective from c.1600.


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