Physiology



[fiz-ee-ol-uh-jee] /ˌfɪz iˈɒl ə dʒi/

noun
1.
the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes.
2.
the organic processes or functions in an organism or in any of its parts.
/ˌfɪzɪˈɒlədʒɪ/
noun
1.
the branch of science concerned with the functioning of organisms
2.
the processes and functions of all or part of an organism
n.

1560s, “study and description of natural objects,” from Middle French physiologie or directly from Latin physiologia “natural science, study of nature,” from Greek physiologia “natural science, inquiry into nature,” from physio- “nature” (see physio-) + logia “study” (see -logy). Meaning “science of the normal function of living things” is attested from 1610s. Related: Physiologic; physiologist.

physiology phys·i·ol·o·gy (fĭz’ē-ŏl’ə-jē)
n.
Abbr. phys.

phys’i·ol’o·gist n.
physiology
(fĭz’ē-ŏl’ə-jē)
The scientific study of an organism’s vital functions, including growth and development, the absorption and processing of nutrients, the synthesis and distribution of proteins and other organic molecules, and the functioning of different tissues, organs, and other anatomic structures. Physiology studies the normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes of animals and plants.

The study of the function of living things, including processes such as nutrition, movement, and reproduction. (Compare anatomy and morphology.)

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  • Physiometry

    [fiz-ee-om-i-tree] /ˌfɪz iˈɒm ɪ tri/ noun 1. measurement of the physiological functions of the body.

  • Physiopathology

    [fiz-ee-oh-puh-thol-uh-jee] /ˌfɪz i oʊ pəˈθɒl ə dʒi/ noun 1. . physiopathology phys·i·o·pa·thol·o·gy (fĭz’ē-ō-pə-thŏl’ə-jē) n. See pathophysiology.



  • Physiotherapist

    [fiz-ee-oh-ther-uh-pee] /ˌfɪz i oʊˈθɛr ə pi/ noun 1. . /ˌfɪzɪəʊˈθɛrəpɪ/ noun 1. the therapeutic use of physical agents or means, such as massage, exercises, etc Also called physical therapy, (informal) physio, (US) physiatrics n. 1905, from physio- + therapy. Related: Physiotherapist. physiotherapy phys·i·o·ther·a·py (fĭz’ē-ō-thěr’ə-pē) n. See physical therapy. phys’i·o·ther’a·peu’tic (-thěr’ə-pyōō’tĭk) adj. phys’i·o·ther’a·pist n.

  • Physiotherapy

    [fiz-ee-oh-ther-uh-pee] /ˌfɪz i oʊˈθɛr ə pi/ noun 1. . /ˌfɪzɪəʊˈθɛrəpɪ/ noun 1. the therapeutic use of physical agents or means, such as massage, exercises, etc Also called physical therapy, (informal) physio, (US) physiatrics n. 1905, from physio- + therapy. Related: Physiotherapist. physiotherapy phys·i·o·ther·a·py (fĭz’ē-ō-thěr’ə-pē) n. See physical therapy. phys’i·o·ther’a·peu’tic (-thěr’ə-pyōō’tĭk) adj. phys’i·o·ther’a·pist n.



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