Puncheon



[puhn-chuh n] /ˈpʌn tʃən/

noun
1.
a large cask of varying capacity, but usually 80 gallons (304 liters).
2.
the volume of such a cask, used as a measure.
[puhn-chuh n] /ˈpʌn tʃən/
noun
1.
a heavy slab of timber, roughly dressed, for use as a floorboard.
2.
a short, upright framing timber.
3.

/ˈpʌntʃən/
noun
1.
a large cask of variable capacity, usually between 70 and 120 gallons
2.
the volume of such a cask used as a liquid measure
/ˈpʌntʃən/
noun
1.
a short wooden post that is used as a vertical strut
2.
a less common name for punch2 (sense 1)
n.

“barrel or cask for soap or liquor; iron vessel,” c.1400, from Old French ponchon, ponson “wine vessel” (13c.), of unknown origin. Uncertain connection with puncheon “slab of timber, strut, wooden beam used as a support in building” (mid-14c.). Punch (n.2) in the drink sense is too late to be the source of the “cask” sense.

“pointed tool for punching or piercing” used by masons, also “die for coining or seal-making,” mid-14c.; see punch (n.1). Meaning “stamp, die” is from c.1500, a specialized use.

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