Pupil



[pyoo-puh l] /ˈpyu pəl/

noun
1.
a person, usually young, who is learning under the close supervision of a teacher at school, a private tutor, or the like; student.
2.
Civil Law. an orphaned or emancipated minor under the care of a guardian.
3.
Roman Law. a person under the age of puberty orphaned or emancipated, and under the care of a guardian.
[pyoo-puh l] /ˈpyu pəl/
noun, Anatomy.
1.
the expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.
/ˈpjuːpəl/
noun
1.
a student who is taught by a teacher, esp a young student
2.
(civil law, Scots law) a boy under 14 or a girl under 12 who is in the care of a guardian
/ˈpjuːpəl/
noun
1.
the dark circular aperture at the centre of the iris of the eye, through which light enters
n.

“student,” late 14c., originally “orphan child, ward,” from Old French pupille (14c.) and directly from Latin pupillus (fem. pupilla) “orphan child, ward, minor,” diminutive of pupus “boy” (fem. pupa “girl”), probably related to puer “child,” possibly from PIE *pup-, from root *pu- “to swell, inflate.” Meaning “disciple, student” first recorded 1560s. Related: Pupillary.

“center of the eye,” early 15c. (in English in Latin form from late 14c.), from Old French pupille (14c.), from Latin pupilla, originally “little girl-doll,” diminutive of pupa “girl; doll” (see pupil (n.1)), so called from the tiny image one sees of himself reflected in the eye of another. Greek used the same word, kore (literally “girl”), to mean both “doll” and “pupil of the eye;” and cf. obsolete baby “small image of oneself in another’s pupil” (1590s), source of 17c. colloquial expression to look babies “stare lovingly into another’s eyes.”

Self-knowledge can be obtained only by looking into the mind and virtue of the soul, which is the diviner part of a man, as we see our own image in another’s eye. [Plato, “Alcibiades,” I.133]

pupil pu·pil (pyōō’pəl)
n.
The apparently black circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina.
pu’pi·lar adj.
pupil
(py’pəl)
The opening in the center of the iris through which light enters the eye.

The seemingly black, central opening in the iris of the eye, through which light enters.

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  • Pupillage

    /ˈpjuːpɪlɪdʒ/ noun 1. the condition of being a pupil or duration for which one is a pupil 2. (in England) the period spent by a newly called barrister in the chambers of a member of the bar



  • Pupillarity

    [pyoo-puh-lar-i-tee] /ˌpyu pəˈlær ɪ ti/ noun, Civil Law, Scots Law. 1. the period between birth and puberty, or until attaining majority.

  • Pupillary

    [pyoo-puh-ler-ee] /ˈpyu pəˌlɛr i/ adjective 1. of or relating to a or student. [pyoo-puh-ler-ee] /ˈpyu pəˌlɛr i/ adjective, Anatomy. 1. pertaining to the of the eye. /ˈpjuːpɪlərɪ/ adjective 1. of or relating to a pupil or a legal ward /ˈpjuːpɪlərɪ/ adjective 1. of or relating to the pupil of the eye pupillary pu·pil·lar·y (pyōō’pə-lěr’ē) adj. […]



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