[ab-sawrb, -zawrb] /æbˈsɔrb, -ˈzɔrb/
verb (used with object)
to suck up or drink in (a liquid); soak up:
A sponge absorbs water.
to swallow up the identity or individuality of; incorporate:
The empire absorbed many small nations.
to involve the full attention of; to engross or engage wholly:
so absorbed in a book that he did not hear the bell.
to occupy or fill:
This job absorbs all of my time.
to take up or receive by chemical or molecular action:
Carbonic acid is formed when water absorbs carbon dioxide.
to take in without echo, recoil, or reflection:
to absorb sound and light; to absorb shock.
to take in and utilize:
The market absorbed all the computers we could build. Can your brain absorb all this information?
to pay for (costs, taxes, etc.):
The company will absorb all the research costs.
Archaic. to swallow up.
to soak or suck up (liquids)
to engage or occupy (the interest, attention, or time) of (someone); engross
to receive or take in (the energy of an impact)
(physics) to take in (all or part of incident radiated energy) and retain the part that is not reflected or transmitted
to take in or assimilate; incorporate
to accept and find a market for (goods, etc)
to pay for as part of a commercial transaction: the distributor absorbed the cost of transport
(chem) to cause to undergo a process in which one substance, usually a liquid or gas, permeates into or is dissolved by a liquid or solid: porous solids absorb water, hydrochloric acid absorbs carbon dioxide Compare adsorb
also reabsorb, 1761, from re- + absorb. Related: Reabsorbed; reabsorbing.
early 15c., from Middle French absorber (Old French assorbir, 13c.), from Latin absorbere “to swallow up,” from ab- “from” (see ab-) + sorbere “suck in,” from PIE root *srebh- “to suck, absorb” (cf. Armenian arbi “I drank,” Greek rhopheo “to sup greedily up, gulp down,” Lithuanian srebiu “to drink greedily”). Figurative meaning “to completely grip (one’s) attention” is from 1763. Related: Absorbed; absorbing.
absorb ab·sorb (əb-sôrb’, -zôrb’)
v. ab·sorbed, ab·sorb·ing, ab·sorbs
[ree-ab-sawrp-shuh n, -zawrp-] /ˌri æbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-/ noun 1. (def 2).
[ree-ab-sawrp-shuh n, -zawrp-] /ˌri æbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-/ noun 1. (def 2). n. also reabsorption, 1718, from re- + absorption.
[ak-sel-uh-reyt] /ækˈsɛl əˌreɪt/ verb (used with object), accelerated, accelerating. 1. to cause faster or greater activity, development, progress, advancement, etc., in: to accelerate economic growth. 2. to hasten the occurrence of: to accelerate the fall of a government. 3. Mechanics. to change the velocity of (a body) or the rate of (motion); cause to undergo […]
[ak-sept] /ækˈsɛpt/ verb (used with object) 1. to take or receive (something offered); receive with approval or favor: to accept a present; to accept a proposal. 2. to agree or consent to; accede to: to accept a treaty; to accept an apology. 3. to respond or answer affirmatively to: to accept an invitation. 4. to […]