[ree-koil] /riˈkɔɪl/

verb (used with or without object)
to again.
[verb ri-koil; noun ree-koil, ri-koil] /verb rɪˈkɔɪl; noun ˈriˌkɔɪl, rɪˈkɔɪl/
verb (used without object)
to draw back; start or shrink back, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
to spring or fly back, as in consequence of force of impact or the force of the discharge, as a firearm.
to spring or come back; react (usually followed by on or upon):
Plots frequently recoil upon the plotters.
Physics. (of an atom, a nucleus, or a particle) to undergo a change in momentum as a result either of a collision with an atom, a nucleus, or a particle or of the emission of a particle.
an act of recoiling.
the distance through which a weapon moves backward after discharging.
verb (intransitive) (rɪˈkɔɪl)
to jerk back, as from an impact or violent thrust
(often foll by from) to draw back in fear, horror, or disgust: to recoil from the sight of blood
foll by on or upon. to go wrong, esp so as to hurt the perpetrator
(of a nucleus, atom, molecule, or elementary particle) to change momentum as a result of the emission of a photon or particle
noun (rɪˈkɔɪl; ˈriːkɔɪl)

the motion acquired by a particle as a result of its emission of a photon or other particle
the act of recoiling

early 13c. (transitive) “force back, drive back,” from Old French reculer “to go back, give way, recede, retreat” (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *reculare, from Latin re- “back” (see re-) + culus “backside, bottom, fundament.” Meaning “shrink back, retreat” is first recorded c.1300; and that of “spring back” (as a gun) in 1520s. Related: Recoiled; recoiling.

c.1300, “retreat,” from Old French recul “recoil, backward movement, retreat,” from reculer (see recoil (v.)). Meaning “back-kick of a firearm” is from 1570s.


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