Maximilien François Marie Isidore de
[mak-see-mee-lyan frahn-swa ma-ree ee-zee-dawr duh] /mak si miˈlyɛ̃ frɑ̃ˈswa maˈri i ziˈdɔr də/ (Show IPA), 1758–94, French lawyer and revolutionary leader.
Maximilien François Marie Isidore de. (maksimiljɛ̃ frɑ̃swa mari izidɔr də). 1758–94, French revolutionary and Jacobin leader: established the Reign of Terror as a member of the Committee of Public Safety (1793–94): executed in the coup d’état of Thermidor (1794)
Robespierre [(rohbz-pee-air, rohbz-peer, roh-bes-pyair)]

A French political leader of the eighteenth century. Robespierre, a Jacobin, was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.


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