a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically tested.
a method of investigation in which a problem is first identified and observations, experiments, or other relevant data are then used to construct or test hypotheses that purport to solve it
scientific method sci·en·tif·ic method (sī’ən-tĭf’ĭk)
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis.
scientific method definition
An orderly technique of investigation that is supposed to account for scientific progress. The method consists of the following steps: (1) Careful observations of nature. (2) Deduction of natural laws. (3) Formation of hypotheses — generalizations of those laws to previously unobserved phenomena. (4) Experimental or observational testing of the validity of the predictions thus made. Actually, scientific discoveries rarely occur in this idealized, wholly rational, and orderly fashion.
- Scientific misconduct
noun any action that willfully compromises the integrity of scientific research; intentional falsification of scientific data
- Scientific name
noun the recognized Latin name given to an organism, consisting of a genus and species, according to a taxonomy; also called binomial name Examples The scientific name is usually printed in italics, with the genus capitalized. See common name scientific name (sī’ən-tĭf’ĭk) A name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organism that […]
noun 1. a method for expressing a given quantity as a number having significant digits necessary for a specified degree of accuracy, multiplied by 10 to the appropriate power, as 1385.62 written as 1.386 × 10 3 . scientific notation A method of expressing numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10 […]
- Scientific revolution
noun the period of great advances in the sciences, roughly 1500-1700 Examples Galileo and Kepler were major figures in the scientific revolution. Usage Note sometimes capitalized