noun, plural shigellae
[shi-gel-ee] /ʃɪˈgɛl i/ (Show IPA), shigellas. Bacteriology.
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Shigella, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals.
any rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Shigella; some species cause dysentery
Shigella Shi·gel·la (shĭ-gěl’ə)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria that includes some species that cause dysentery in humans.
- Shigella boydii
Shigella boydii Shigella boy·di·i (boi’dē-ī’) n. A bacterium present in a low proportion of cases of bacillary dysentery.
- Shigella dysenteriae
Shigella dysenteriae Shigella dys·en·ter·i·ae (dĭs’ən-těr’ē-ē’) n. Shiga-Kruse bacillus.
- Shigella flexneri
Shigella flexneri Shigella flex·ner·i (flěks-něr’ī) n. Flexner’s bacillus.
noun, Pathology. 1. an acute intestinal infection caused by a bacterium of the genus Shigella, especially S. dysenteriae, common among children and characterized by fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. shigellosis shig·el·lo·sis (shĭg’ə-lō’sĭs) n. pl. shig·el·lo·ses (-sēz) Dysentery caused by any of various species of Shigella, occurring most frequently in areas where poor sanitation and malnutrition […]