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Network Address Translation NAT



Short for Network Address Translation, an Internet standard that enables a local-area network (LAN) to use one set of IP addresses for internal traffic and a second set of addresses for external traffic. A NAT boxlocated where the LAN meets the Internet makes all necessary IP address translations.

NAT serves three main purposes:
Provides a type of firewallby hiding internal IP addresses
Enables a company to use more internal IP addresses. Since they’re used internally only, there’s no possibility of conflict with IP addresses used by other companies and organizations.
Allows a company to combine multiple ISDN connections into a single Internet connection.

Definition Prefix:

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