(in Indo-European languages) regular alternation in the internal phonological structure of a word element, especially alternation of a vowel, that is coordinated with a change in grammatical function or combination, as in English sing, sang, sung, song; apophony.
The strong verbs form their preterite (originally the perfect) and past participle by means of ablaut ( 12).
A Middle High German Primer Joseph Wright
(linguistics) vowel gradation, esp in Indo-European languages See gradation (sense 5)
“systematic vowel alteration in the root of a word to indicate shades of meaning or tense,” a characteristic of Indo-European languages, 1849, from German Ablaut, literally “off-sound,” coined by J.P. Zweigel in 1568 from ab “off” + Laut “sound, tone,” from Old High German hlut (see listen). Popularized by Jacob Grimm.
burning; on fire: They set the logs ablaze. gleaming with bright lights, bold colors, etc. excited; eager; zealous; ardent. very angry. Contemporary Examples There was a wide central passage, ablaze with light and lined with wooden racks and storage compartments. The Real Monuments Men: The Coronation Chamber of Hitler Robert Edsel February 5, 2014 The […]
having necessary power, skill, resources, or qualifications; qualified: able to lift a two-hundred-pound weight; able to write music; able to travel widely; able to vote. having unusual or superior intelligence, skill, etc.: an able leader. showing talent, skill, or knowledge: an able speech. legally empowered, qualified, or authorized. (usually initial capital letter) a code word […]
- Able seaman
Also called able-bodied seaman. an experienced deck-department seaman qualified to perform routine sea duties. (in the British Navy and on British and U.S. merchant ships) a rating between ordinary seaman and leading seaman or boatswain’s mate. Abbreviation: A.B., AB.
having a strong, healthy body; physically fit: Every able-bodied young man served in the armed forces. Contemporary Examples The labor force participation rate (the percentage of able-bodied adults in the workforce) fell as well. Today’s Unemployment Report Is an S.O.S. to the Fed Daniel Gross September 5, 2013 I hated that as an able-bodied male, […]