thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances:
an abstract idea.
expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed.
theoretical; not applied or practical:
difficult to understand; abstruse:
of or relating to the formal aspect of art, emphasizing lines, colors, generalized or geometrical forms, etc., especially with reference to their relationship to one another.
(often initial capital letter) pertaining to the nonrepresentational art styles of the 20th century.
a summary of a text, scientific article, document, speech, etc.; epitome.
something that concentrates in itself the essential qualities of anything more extensive or more general, or of several things; essence.
an idea or term considered apart from some material basis or object.
an abstract work of art.
to draw or take away; remove.
to divert or draw away the attention of.
to consider as a general quality or characteristic apart from specific objects or instances:
to abstract the notions of time, space, and matter.
to make an abstract of; summarize.
abstract away from, to omit from consideration.
in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance; in theory:
beauty in the abstract.
Prints ranged from rich and India-meets-Psychedelic to modern and Art Deco, rendered in abstract circular, swirling prints.
Paris’s Craziest Show Yet: Manish Arora Spring/ Summer 2014 Liza Foreman September 25, 2013
This is not question that can be convincingly answered by abstract reasoning, or by information collected under prohibition.
The Public Health Case Against Pot David Frum December 26, 2012
What the Nazis did not care for was largely contemporary and abstract art, the likes of Chagall and Dufy and Klee, to name a few.
Nazi Art Hoard Just the Tip of the Iceberg for Lost Art Noah Charney November 12, 2013
They love deficit reduction in the abstract—they even risked a second financial crisis over the debt ceiling.
Republicans Don’t Really Care About Reducing America’s Debt Peter Beinart October 20, 2013
About conservative Common Core supporters, Noonan asks “in what abstract universe are [they] operating?”
The Incredibly Stupid War on the Common Core Charles Upton Sahm April 20, 2014
Look at the Rudiments; they begin by insisting on stuffing into the heads of children a crowd of the most abstract ideas.
Critical Miscellanies (Vol. 2 of 3) John Morley
Speculative or theoretic knowledge is divided into abstract and concrete.
Critical Miscellanies (Vol. 3 of 3) John Morley
The rest of the days were lost in abstract time, during which Quin had his hair cut and his face shaved, and did bead-work.
Quin Alice Hegan Rice
This is not the fault of Columbus, albeit we only have an abstract of his journal.
Christopher Columbus and His Monument Columbia Various
It is attracted by investigation and thought regarding concrete things, rather than by abstract subjects.
How to Read Human Nature William Walker Atkinson
having no reference to material objects or specific examples; not concrete
not applied or practical; theoretical
hard to understand; recondite; abstruse
denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
defined in terms of its formal properties: an abstract machine
(philosophy) (of an idea) functioning for some empiricists as the meaning of a general term: the word “man” does not name all men but the abstract idea of manhood
a condensed version of a piece of writing, speech, etc; summary
an abstract term or idea
an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
in the abstract, without reference to specific circumstances or practical experience
verb (transitive) (æbˈstrækt)
to think of (a quality or concept) generally without reference to a specific example; regard theoretically
to form (a general idea) by abstraction
(also intransitive) (ˈæbstrækt). to summarize or epitomize
to remove or extract
(euphemistic) to steal
late 14c., originally in grammar (of nouns), from Latin abstractus “drawn away,” past participle of abstrahere “to drag away; detach divert,” from ab(s)- “away” (see ab-) + trahere “draw” (see tract (n.1)).
Meaning “withdrawn or separated from material objects or practical matters” is from mid-15c. That of “difficult to understand, abstruse” is from c.1400. Specifically in reference to modern art, it dates from 1914; abstract expressionism as an American-based uninhibited approach to art exemplified by Jackson Pollack is from 1952, but the term itself had been used in the 1920s of Kandinsky and others.
Oswald Herzog, in an article on “Der Abstrakte Expressionismus” (Sturm, heft 50, 1919) gives us a statement which with equal felicity may be applied to the artistic attitude of the Dadaists. “Abstract Expressionism is perfect Expressionism,” he writes. “It is pure creation. It casts spiritual processes into a corporeal mould. It does not borrow objects from the real world; it creates its own objects …. The abstract reveals the will of the artist; it becomes expression. …” [William A. Drake, “The Life and Deeds of Dada,” 1922]
“abridgement or summary of a document,” mid-15c., from abstract (adj.). The general sense of “a smaller quantity containing the virtue or power of a greater” [Johnson] is recorded from 1560s.
1540s, from Latin abstractus or else from the adjective abstract. Related: Abstracted; abstracting, abstractedly.
abstract ab·stract (āb-strākt’, āb’strākt’)
Considered apart from concrete existence.
Not applied or practical; theoretical.
A description of a concept that leaves out some information or details in order to simplify it in some useful way.
Abstraction is a powerful technique that is applied in many areas of computing and elsewhere. For example: abstract class, data abstraction, abstract interpretation, abstract syntax, Hardware Abstraction Layer.
- Abstract algebra
the branch of mathematics that deals with the extension of algebraic concepts usually associated with the real number system to other, more general systems.
- Abstract art
abstract art A trend in painting and sculpture in the twentieth century. Abstract art seeks to break away from traditional representation of physical objects. It explores the relationships of forms and colors, whereas more traditional art represents the world in recognizable images. Contemporary Examples What the Nazis did not care for was largely contemporary and […]
- Abstract away from
thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances: an abstract idea. expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed. theoretical; not applied or practical: abstract science. difficult to understand; abstruse: abstract speculations. Fine Arts. of or relating to the formal aspect of art, […]
- Abstract class
abstract class programming In object-oriented programming, a class designed only as a parent from which sub-classes may be derived, but which is not itself suitable for instantiation. Often used to “abstract out” incomplete sets of features which may then be shared by a group of sibling sub-classes which add different variations of the missing pieces. […]
- Abstract data type
abstract data type programming (ADT) A kind of data abstraction where a type’s internal form is hidden behind a set of access functions. Values of the type are created and inspected only by calls to the access functions. This allows the implementation of the type to be changed without requiring any changes outside the module […]