a combining form with the meanings “vinegar,” “acetic acid,” used in the formation of compound words (acetometer), especially in the names of chemical compounds in which acetic acid or the acetyl group is present (acetophenetidin).
containing an acetyl group or derived from acetic acid: acetone
before vowels acet-, word-forming element from comb. form of acetic and generally indicating compounds from or related to acetic acid.
aceto- or acet-
Acetic acid: acetaldehyde.
acetoacetate acetoacetate ac·e·to·ac·e·tate (ās’ĭ-tō-ās’ĭ-tāt’, ə-sē’tō-) n. A salt of acetoacetic acid.
- Acetoacetic acid
a colorless, oily liquid, C 4 H 6 O 3 , soluble in water, alcohol, and ether: used in synthetic organic chemistry. acetoacetic acid ac·e·to·a·ce·tic acid (ās’ĭ-tō-ə-sē’tĭk, ə-sē’tō-) n. A ketone body that is formed in excessive amounts and excreted in the urine of individuals suffering from starvation or diabetes. Also called diacetic acid.
acetoacetyl-coa acetoacetyl-CoA ac·e·to·a·ce·tyl-CoA (ās’ĭ-tō-ə-sēt’l-kō’ā’, -ās’ĭ-tl-, ə-sē’tō-) n. An intermediate in the oxidation of fatty acids. Also called acetoacetyl coenzyme A.
any of several ellipsoidal or rodshaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Acetobacter, certain species of which are used in making vinegar.
acetohexamide acetohexamide ac·e·to·hex·am·ide (ās’ĭ-tō-hěk’sə-mīd’, ə-sē’tō-) n. An oral hypoglycemic agent that stimulates insulin secretion by the pancreas.