a member of the dynasty of kings in ancient Persia that ruled from c550 b.c. to 331 b.c.
noun (pl) Achaemenids, Achaemenidae (ˌækɪˈmɛnɪˌdiː), Achaemenides (ˌækɪˈmɛnɪˌdiːz)
any member of a Persian dynasty of kings, including Cyrus the Great, that ruled from about 550 to 331 bc, when Darius III was overthrown by Alexander the Great

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