any mosquito of the genus Anopheles, certain species of which are vectors of the parasite causing malaria in humans, distinguished from other mosquitoes by the absence of breathing tubes in the larvae and by the head-downward stance of the adult while resting or feeding.
Contemporary Examples

In contrast to the veteran anopheles, the Aedes mosquito did not arrive until the 1980s.
Chikungunya: The Mosquito-Borne Virus That Contorts Your Limbs Kent Sepkowitz March 4, 2014

Historical Examples

Some observers maintain that anopheles does not “sing,” like the common mosquito, and its bite is much less irritating.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 17, Slice 4 Various

The other division of malaria-hunters pursued the trail of the anopheles to her lair.
Preventable Diseases Woods Hutchinson

In the stomach of an anopheles, the gametocytes quickly proceed to gamete-formation.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 7 Various

Usually it can be definitely shown that no anopheles occur there.
Insects and Diseases Rennie W. Doane

For now anopheles had flown away; and had I not been thus startled, I should certainly have had him.
The Lady and the Pirate Emerson Hough

This is the anopheles, which “travels in” malaria and elephantiasis.
The American Egypt Channing Arnold

The first anopheles with its salivary glands infected was found on 14th June.
Experiments on Animals Stephen Paget

Fig. 250d shows lower and upper side of the anopheles’s egg.
The Book of Camp-Lore and Woodcraft Dan Beard

The anopheles, small, grey and quietly persistent, carries the malaria that has laid our army low.
Sketches of the East Africa Campaign Robert Valentine Dolbey

noun (pl) -les
any of various mosquitoes constituting the genus Anopheles, some species of which transmit the malaria parasite to man

genus of mosquitoes, Modern Latin, coined 1818 by German entomologist Johann Wilhelm Meigen (1764-1845) from Greek anopheles “useless, hurtful, harmful,” from an-, privative prefix, (see an- (1)) + ophelos “use, help, advantage” (see Ophelia). So called because it conveys malaria.

Anopheles A·noph·e·les (ə-nŏf’ə-lēz’)
A genus of mosquitoes containing over 90 species, many of which are vectors of malaria.
a·noph·e·line (-līn’)

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