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opposition; contrast:
the antithesis of right and wrong.
the direct opposite (usually followed by of or to):
Her behavior was the very antithesis of cowardly.

the placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas, as in “Give me liberty or give me death.”.
the second sentence or part thus set in opposition, as “or give me death.”.

Philosophy, See under .
an interpretive method, originally used to relate specific entities or events to the absolute idea, in which some assertible proposition (thesis) is necessarily opposed by an equally assertible and apparently contradictory proposition (antithesis) the mutual contradiction being reconciled on a higher level of truth by a third proposition (synthesis)
Historical Examples

This, of course, does not prevent his character from exhibiting generic differences and antitheses.
Elements of Folk Psychology Wilhelm Wundt

The answer is that the union is one of complementaries, and not of antitheses.
Sex=The Unknown Quantity Ali Nomad

Yet the understanding cannot release itself from the fixity of these antitheses.
The Introduction to Hegel’s Philosophy of Fine Arts Georg Hegel

Grace and its works are the antitheses of the devil and his works.
The Essence of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach

Their antitheses were fully in harmony with existence, which is itself a contradiction in terms.
Twelve Types G.K. Chesterton

It is sublime in its similes and exquisite in its antitheses.
Comrade Kropotkin Victor Robinson

He is beyond all alternatives and antitheses, and is not to be known beyond our imaginary ideas of him.
The Yoga-Vasishtha Maharamayana of Valmiki, vol. 3 (of 4) part 2 (of 2) Valmiki

For certainly the whole object at which he laboured in drawing up the ‘antitheses.’
Supernatural Religion, Vol. II. (of III) Walter Richard Cassels

The antitheses were clear, even as Lincoln saw them in 1858.
The Last American Frontier Frederic L. (Frederic Logan) Paxson

He knits his brows and jumps and snorts when he peruses a powerful criticism, with antitheses and things.
A Likely Story William De Morgan

noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
the exact opposite
contrast or opposition
(rhetoric) the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, phrases, or words so as to produce an effect of balance, such as my words fly up, my thoughts remain below
(philosophy) the second stage in the Hegelian dialectic contradicting the thesis before resolution by the synthesis
(philosophy) an interpretive method in which the contradiction between a proposition (thesis) and its antithesis is resolved at a higher level of truth (synthesis)

plural of antithesis.

1520s, from Late Latin antithesis, from Greek antithesis “opposition, resistance,” literally “a placing against,” also a term in logic and rhetoric, noun of action from antitithenai “to set against, oppose,” a term in logic, from anti- “against” (see anti-) + tithenai “to place,” from PIE root *dhe- “to put, to do” (see factitious).


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