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the father-in-law of Herod Antipas, and king of Arabia Petraea. His daughter returned to him on the occasion of her husband’s entering into an adulterous alliance with Herodias, the wife of Herod-Philip, his half-brother (Luke 3:19, 20; Mark 6:17; Matt. 14:3). This led to a war between Aretas and Herod Antipas. Herod’s army was wholly destroyed (A.D. 36). Aretas, taking advantage of the complications of the times on account of the death of the Emperor Tiberius (A.D. 37), took possession of Damascus (2 Cor. 11:32; comp. Acts 9:25). At this time Paul returned to Damascus from Arabia.

Historical Examples

Aristobulus was defeated in battle by aretas and was besieged in the Temple Citadel.
A Thousand Years of Jewish History Maurice H. (Maurice Henry) Harris

This led to a war with aretas in which Antipas was defeated.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5 Various

This district was governed by a Nabatan prince, named aretas, by whom he was cordially received.
History of the Jews, Vol. I (of 6) Heinrich Graetz

But he repudiated the daughter of aretas in order to marry Herodias and so set the Arabians against him.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 4 Various

After the death of Obodas, Æneas, afterwards called aretas, took possession of the kingdom of the Nabatæans.
The Geography of Strabo, Volume III (of 3) Strabo

This aretas must have reigned for a long time, to at least the last years of Tiberius.
The Geography of Strabo, Volume III (of 3) Strabo

aretas received him in a friendly manner, and offered presents.
The Geography of Strabo, Volume III (of 3) Strabo

At Damascus, the governor of the nation under aretas the king, guarded the city of the Damascenes, to apprehend me.
The Bible, Douay-Rheims Version Various

At the time of Paul’s conversion,—had Damascus already this same king, named aretas, with a governor under him?
Not Paul, But Jesus Jeremy Bentham

aretas retired from Judaea; and Aristobulus pursued the retreating army.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 4 Various


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