a process in the breeding of animals and in the cultivation of plants by which the breeder chooses to perpetuate only those forms having certain desirable inheritable characteristics.
The differences of the individuals that come into consideration in this artificial selection are very slight.
The History of Creation, Vol. I (of 2) Ernst Haeckel
If art by artificial selection, why not Nature by natural selection?
Evolution Joseph Le Conte
artificial selection begins with the domestication of animals.
The Arena Various
To artificial selection we chiefly owe all the many races or varieties of our domesticated animals and plants.
Elementary Zoology, Second Edition Vernon L. Kellogg
This is artificial selection, and is best exemplified in the experiments with pigeons.
The Fertility of the Unfit William Allan Chapple
Organic forms will no longer be modified by natural but wholly by artificial selection.
Evolution Joseph Le Conte
What man does in breeding is the making and improving of species by artificial selection.
The Airedale Williams Haynes
He explains very clearly the process of artificial selection, and says that in the garden we are following Nature’s method.
Evolution in Modern Thought Ernst Haeckel
It may, however, be further objected that these cattle are not improbably the result of artificial selection.
Darwin, and After Darwin, Volume II (of 3) George John Romanes
Climatic contrasts aid differentiation also by influencing both natural and artificial selection in the distribution of peoples.
Influences of Geographic Environment Ellen Churchill Semple
artificial selection n.
Human intervention in animal or plant reproduction to ensure certain characteristics are represented in successive generations.
Modification of a species by human intervention so that certain desirable traits are represented in successive generations. The different breeds of domestic dogs and the large ears of maize corn are products of artificial selection. Compare natural selection.
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable traits. Organisms with the desired traits, such as size or taste, are artificially mated or cross-pollinated with organisms with similar desired traits. (Compare natural selection.)
- Artificial surface
noun a synthetic athletic playing surface used instead of natural grass; also called artificial turf
- Artificial sweetener
noun a non-caloric substitute for sugar that is often intensely more sweet, such as aspartame, acesulfame potassium, saccharin, alitame, and sucralose Examples The purpose for using an artificial sweetener is generally to replace sugar and reduce calories. Usage Note cooking
- Artificial turf
any of various synthetic, carpetlike materials made to resemble turf and used as a playing surface for football and baseball fields, to cover patios, etc. noun See artificial surface
- Artificial ventilation
artificial ventilation artificial ventilation n. See artificial respiration. Historical Examples The properties of air which render both natural and artificial ventilation possible are diffusion, motion, and gravity. The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI) Various A gust of bracing air and rough exertion breaks in upon the artificial ventilation of the House of Commons. […]