the membrane that encloses the axon of a nerve cell
axolemma ax·o·lem·ma (āk’sō-lěm’ə)
The plasma membrane of an axon. Also called Mauthner’s sheath.
any of several salamanders of the genus Ambystoma that inhabit lakes and ponds of Mexico and remain in the larval stage as sexually mature adults. Historical Examples Postscript; dryness of the air the probable cause of the assumed reversion of the Amblystoma to the axolotl, 613. Studies in the Theory of Descent (Volumes 1 and […]
axolysis axolysis ax·ol·y·sis (āk-sŏl’ĭ-sĭs) n. Degeneration and destruction of the axon of a nerve cell.
axometer axometer ax·om·e·ter (āk-sŏm’ĭ-tər) n. An instrument used in the determination of the position of the optical axes, especially for adjustment of eyeglasses. Also called axonometer.
- Axon hillock
axon hillock axon hillock n. The conical area of origin of the axon from the nerve cell body.
Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body. Historical Examples This tiny protoplasmic thread, the axon, was formed originally by growing out from the cell body. Physiology Ernest G. Martin Mr. axon says it is current in Lancashire and in Cornwall, Antiquary, xi. Folklore as an Historical Science […]