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a city in and the capital of Azerbaijan, in the E part, on the Caspian Sea.
Also, Azerbaidzhan. Formerly Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. a republic in Transcaucasia, N of Iran and W of the Caspian Sea. 33,430 sq. mi. (86,600 sq. km).
Capital: Baku.
a region of NW Iran, divided into two provinces in 1938: East Azerbaijan (
Capital: Orumiyeh).
Contemporary Examples

He is being held in pretrial detention in Baku and faces up to seven years in prison if convicted.
Behind Bars for the Holidays: 11 Political Prisoners We Want to See Free In 2015 Movements.Org December 24, 2014

Historical Examples

In Baku accidents and catastrophes have, similarly, been of frequent occurrence.
Scientific American Supplement, No. 717, September 28, 1889 Various

The petroleum is conveyed by pipe lines to the refineries at Baku.
Commercial Geography Jacques W. Redway

The cheap kerosene-oil from Baku or New York threatens the oilman’s existence.
The New World of Islam Lothrop Stoddard

In the operation of this road petroleum waste is used as fuel, the refining works at Baku yielding an inexhaustible supply.
Historic Tales, Vol. 8 (of 15) Charles Morris

In the Baku oil-fields there are now no fewer than 4094 bores, of which 2600 are productive.
From Pole to Pole Sven Anders Hedin

The road between Baku and Tiflis runs through a stony, desolate country.
The Life & Letters of Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky Modeste Tchaikovsky

It was an adventurous journey that I commenced from Baku on April 6, 1886.
From Pole to Pole Sven Anders Hedin

From the development of the petroleum industry, Baku has greatly increased, and is now a large and flourishing town.
The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3 Various

We went to see the oil city at Baku, and one day we motored to the far larger one further out.
My War Experiences in Two Continents Sarah Macnaughtan

the capital of Azerbaijan, a port on the Caspian Sea: important for its extensive oilfields. Pop: 1 830 000 (2005 est)
a republic in NW Asia: the region was acquired by Russia from Persia in the early 19th century; became the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936 and gained independence in 1991; consists of dry subtropical steppes around the Aras and Kura rivers, surrounded by the Caucasus; contains the extensive Baku oilfields. Language: Azerbaijani (or Azeri). Religion: Shiite Muslim. Currency: manat. Capital: Baku. Pop: 9 590 159 (2013 est). Area: 86 600 sq km (33 430 sq miles)
a mountainous region of NW Iran, separated from the republic of Azerbaijan by the Aras River: divided administratively into Eastern Azerbaijan and Western Azerbaijan. Capitals: Tabriz and Orumiyeh. Pop: 2 119 524 (2002 est)

country name, of unknown origin, perhaps from Old Persian Aturpatakan, from Greek Atropatene, from the Persian satrap Atropates, who ruled there in the time of Alexander the Great; or from local azer “fire” + baydjan (Iranian baykan) “guardian,” in reference to fire-worship.
Azerbaijan [(az-uhr-beye-jahn, ah-zuhr-beye-jahn)]

Republic in southwestern Asia, bordered to the north by Georgia and Russia, to the east by the Caspian Sea, to the south by Iran, and to the west by Armenia. Its capital and largest city is Baku.

Note: This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.

Note: Predominantly Muslim, Azerbaijan has been involved in an often violent dispute with Armenia, its predominantly Christian neighbor, over Nagorno-Karabakh, a mainly Armenian region of Azerbaijan.

Note: The country possesses valuable oil reserves.


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