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a person in a savage, primitive state; uncivilized person.
a person without culture, refinement, or education; philistine.
(loosely) a foreigner.

a non-Greek.
a person living outside, especially north of, the Roman Empire.
a person not living in a Christian country or within a Christian civilization.

(among Italians during the Renaissance) a person of non-Italian origin.
uncivilized; crude; savage.
foreign; alien.
a member of a primitive or uncivilized people
a coarse, insensitive, or uncultured person
a vicious person
of an uncivilized culture
insensitive, uncultured, or brutal

mid-14c., from Medieval Latin barbarinus (source of Old French barbarin “Berber, pagan, Saracen, barbarian”), from Latin barbaria “foreign country,” from Greek barbaros “foreign, strange, ignorant,” from PIE root *barbar- echoic of unintelligible speech of foreigners (cf. Sanskrit barbara- “stammering,” also “non-Aryan,” Latin balbus “stammering,” Czech blblati “to stammer”).

Greek barbaroi (n.) meant “all that are not Greek,” but especially the Medes and Persians. Originally not entirely pejorative, its sense darkened after the Persian wars. The Romans (technically themselves barbaroi) took up the word and applied it to tribes or nations which had no Greek or Roman accomplishments. The noun is from late 14c., “person speaking a language different from one’s own,” also (c.1400) “native of the Barbary coast;” meaning “rude, wild person” is from 1610s.

a Greek word used in the New Testament (Rom. 1:14) to denote one of another nation. In Col. 3:11, the word more definitely designates those nations of the Roman empire that did not speak Greek. In 1 Cor. 14:11, it simply refers to one speaking a different language. The inhabitants of Malta are so called (Acts 28:1,2, 4). They were originally a Carthaginian colony. This word nowhere in Scripture bears the meaning it does in modern times.


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    without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive: barbaric invaders. of, like, or befitting barbarians: a barbaric empire; barbaric practices. crudely rich or splendid: barbaric decorations. Historical Examples The Sikhs who succeeded the Afghans were not so barbarically cruel, but they were hard and rough masters. Kashmir Sir Francis Edward Younghusband She was dreaming that Anna Zanidov stood […]

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    brutal or inhuman conduct; cruelty. an act or instance of cruelty or inhumanity. crudity of style, taste, expression, etc. Contemporary Examples The two Chechen wars, fought in 1994-96 and 1999-2000, were almost unparalleled in their barbarity in the postwar era. Women Who Blow Themselves Up David Satter March 29, 2010 As they now live out […]

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    Frederick, Frederick I (def 1). the planning and operational code name the Germans gave to their invasion of the Soviet Union (June 22, 1941). (Aruj) died 1518, Barbary pirate, born in Greece. (Khair ed-Din) c1466–1546, Barbary pirate, born in Greece (brother of Barbarossa I). Contemporary Examples Josh Dzieza on the history of naming military operations, […]

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