Mycology. any of a group of fungi constituting the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi (or, in older classification schemes, the class Basidiomycetes of the kingdom Plantae), characterized by bearing the spores on a basidium, including the smuts, rust, mushrooms, and puffballs.
Historical Examples

They are called sporidia to separate them from the basidiomycetes.
The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise M. E. Hard

They are nearly the equivalent of basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes.
Student’s Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous Thomas Taylor

Hymenomycetes, the subdivision of the basidiomycetes in which the fruiting surface is exposed before the spores are ripe.
Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc. George Francis Atkinson

The Basidia-bearing fungi, or basidiomycetes, are divided into three classes, as has been already stated.
Among the Mushrooms Ellen M. Dallas and Caroline A. Burgin

Most of basidiomycetes are characterized by the large sporophore on which the basidia with its basidiospores are borne.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3 Various

Later, however, these Uredineae were placed as a mere subdivision of the basidiomycetes.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3 Various

The first of these is known as the Ascomycetes (Sac fungi), the other the basidiomycetes (mushrooms, puff-balls, etc.).
Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany Douglas Houghton Campbell

In fact, he laid the foundation for the study of basidiomycetes, and this beautiful little coral-like fungus was his inspiration.
The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise M. E. Hard

Basidium, the characteristic spore-producing organ of the basidiomycetes.
The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3 Various

The basidiomycetes are the highest members of the Fungoid alliance; their relations to the lower groups are obscure.
The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3 Various

any fungus of the phylum Basidiomycota (formerly class Basidiomycetes), in which the spores are produced in basidia. The group includes boletes, puffballs, smuts, and rusts

Basidiomycetes Ba·sid·i·o·my·ce·tes (bə-sĭd’ē-ō-mī-sē’tēz’)
A large group of fungi including puffballs, shelf fungi, rusts, smuts, and mushrooms that bear sexually produced spores on a basidium.
Any of various fungi belonging to the phylum Basidomycota, bearing sexually produced spores on a basidium. All hyphae of basidiomycetes are divided into segments by septa and go through three stages of development. In the final stage, each segment has two nuclei, and the hyphae grow to produce basidia and disperse basidiospores. The basidiomycetes are the most familiar forms of fungi and include mushrooms, puffballs, shelf fungi, rusts, and smuts.

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