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a large woodwind instrument of low range, with a doubled tube and a curved metal crook to which a double reed is attached.
Historical Examples

I have added a short recitative with hautboy and bassoon, for here recitative is much liked.
The Letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Vol. 1 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

In 1800 we find the first mention of the use of the bassoon.
Annals of Music in America Henry Charles Lahee

Yet who that has loved either man or bassoon does not know this bitterness?
The Holy Cross and Other Tales Eugene Field

Pogliani gave up the bassoon for the fork, spoon, and saucepan.
The Merry-Go-Round Carl Van Vechten

A fellow was bawling through a trumpet: his voice sounded throttled, something like a bassoon.
Back o’ the Moon Oliver Onions

Who knows why the bassoon was harsh and wayward and imperious to-night?
The Holy Cross and Other Tales Eugene Field

Mozart wrote a concerto in B♭ for bassoon, with orchestra (Kochel, No. 191).
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3 Various

The bassoon, the clarinet, the flute—but how shall we describe them!
Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine – Volume 54, No. 338, December 1843 Various

Count von Westerhold played the bassoon, his son the flute, and his daughter the pianoforte.
The Life of Ludwig van Beethoven, Volume I (of 3) Alexander Wheelock Thayer

See his pretty trio for flute, bassoon and clavier (p. 313).
Handel Romain Rolland

a woodwind instrument, the tenor of the oboe family. Range: about three and a half octaves upwards from the B flat below the bass staff
an orchestral musician who plays the bassoon

1727, from French basson (17c.), from Italian bassone, augmentative of basso (see bass (adj.)). Cf. balloon (n.); also see -oon.

The second largest and second lowest pitched of the woodwinds. (The less common contrabassoon is larger and has a lower pitch.) It is played with a double reed.


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