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a fragrant gum resin obtained from certain burseraceous plants, as of the genus Commiphora.
a plant yielding this resin.
a substance mentioned in the Bible. Gen. 2:12; Num. 11:7.
Historical Examples

Pliny also mentions “bdellium,” if that was the substance known as “B’dolach.”
Creation and Its Records B.H. Baden-Powell

They were brimful of myrobalan, bdellium, saffron, and violets.
Salammbo Gustave Flaubert

Calmet relates that, according to several commentators, bdellium is the carbuncle, but that it may also be crystal.
A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 2 (of 10) Franois-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)

Now the manna was like coriander seed, of the colour of bdellium.
The Bible, Douay-Rheims Version Various

Was “bdellium” (as probably being a fragrant gum) one of these offerings?
Creation and Its Records B.H. Baden-Powell

When Moses speaks of bdellium and the onyx stone, I take these specimens of gems for gems in general.
Commentary on Genesis, Vol. I Martin Luther

Its exports were cotton, a kind of fine calico called bfts, bdellium, and flowers of the mahina tree.
The Paladins of Edwin the Great Clements R. Markham

The “bdellium” mentioned by Moses in Genesis is a perfuming gum, resembling frankincense, if not identical with it.
The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse

Alca kept the bdellium and a few things to please her young friends, and distributed the rest among the delighted girls.
The Paladins of Edwin the Great Clements R. Markham

This contains litharge, bdellium, and “green brasse,” but no loadstone.
On the magnet, magnetick bodies also, and on the great magnet the earth William Gilbert of Colchester

any of several African or W Asian trees of the burseraceous genus Commiphora that yield a gum resin
the aromatic gum resin, similar to myrrh, produced by any of these trees

occurs only in Gen. 2:12, where it designates a product of the land of Havilah; and in Num. 11:7, where the manna is likened to it in colour. It was probably an aromatic gum like balsam which exuded from a particular tree (Borassus flabelliformis) still found in Arabia, Media, and India. It bears a resemblance in colour to myrrh. Others think the word denotes “pearls,” or some precious stone.


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