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a composite plant, Cynara cardunculus, of the Mediterranean area, having a root and leafstalks eaten as a vegetable.
Historical Examples

The milk is coagulated by an extract of thistle or cardoon flowers in two to six hours.
The Complete Book of Cheese Robert Carlton Brown

No cultivated plant has run wild on so enormous a scale as the cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) in La Plata.
The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2) Charles Darwin

The nest was in a cardoon bush, and contained five eggs—two of the Yellow-breast and three parasitical.
Argentine Ornithology, Volume I (of 2) P. L. Sclater

The artichoke offers fewer varieties, which bears out the opinion that it is a form derived from the cardoon.
Origin of Cultivated Plants Alphonse De Candolle

The nest is usually built in a cardoon thistle, two or three feet above the ground, and is made of dry grass.
Argentine Ornithology, Volume I (of 2) P. L. Sclater

In its general character and appearance, the cardoon resembles the Artichoke.
The Field and Garden Vegetables of America Fearing Burr

Four varieties are here described, of which the Spanish cardoon is the most common, and the cardon de Tours the best.
Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature and the Arts, July-December, 1827 Various

The cardoon is as high as a horse’s back, but the Pampas thistle is often higher than the crown of the rider’s head.
A Naturalist’s Voyage Round the World Charles Darwin

Other cheeses are made with vegetable rennet, some from similar thistle or cardoon juice, especially in Portugal.
The Complete Book of Cheese Robert Carlton Brown

After avoiding several blows aimed by the Chimango, it flew down and plunged into a cardoon bush.
Argentine Ornithology, Volume II (of 2) P. L. Sclater

a thistle-like S European plant, Cynara cardunculus, closely related to the artichoke, with spiny leaves, purple flowers, and a leafstalk that may be blanched and eaten: family Asteraceae (composites)

1610s, from French cardon, from Provençal cardon, properly “thistle,” from Late latin cardonem (nominative cardo “thistle,” related to Latin carduus “thistle, artichoke” (see harsh).


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