a former duchy and crown land of Austria: now part of Slovenia.
Historical Examples

The olm, or proteus, is found only in the underground lakes of Carniola and one or two other parts of Central Europe.
The Animal World, A Book of Natural History Theodore Wood

Madonna was also accompanied by the bishops of Carniola, Venosa, and Orte.
Lucretia Borgia Ferdinand Gregorovius

Off in the morning, the party journeyed through the southeastern portion of Carniola, so rich in mountains and minerals.
Our Little Austrian Cousin Florence E. Mendel

He held the duchies of Carniola and Friuli, as well as the marquisate of Istria.
The Shores of the Adriatic F. Hamilton Jackson

He added Austria, Styria and Carniola to his dominions by conquest.
The Every Day Book of History and Chronology Joel Munsell

This herbaceous perennial is a very old flower in this country; it came from Carniola in the year 1594.
Hardy Perennials and Old Fashioned Flowers John Wood

A perry pear common to lower Styria, Carniola, and the maritime regions of Austria.
The Pears of New York U. P. Hedrick

This perry pear is a native of Carniola and probably gets its name from the city of Laibach in that region.
The Pears of New York U. P. Hedrick

A fusible, inflammable substance, found associated with the native cinnabar of the mines of Idria, in Carniola.
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley

One has also been figured by Dr. Šmid as having been found in Carniola, though its discovery is not described in the text.
The Bronze Age and the Celtic World Harold Peake

a region of N Slovenia: a former duchy and crownland of Austria (1335–1919); divided between Yugoslavia and Italy in 1919; part of Yugoslavia (1947–92) German name Krain (krain) Slovene name Kranj

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