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Also called carotid artery. either of the two large arteries, one on each side of the head, that carry blood to the head and that divide into an external branch supplying the neck, face, and other external parts, and an internal branch supplying the brain, eye, and other internal parts.
pertaining to a carotid artery.
Contemporary Examples

But apparently a tear in the carotid artery is the leading cause in strokes among young people.
How Did I Have a Stroke in My 20s? Elizabeth Gates August 21, 2010

Historical Examples

The carotid gland is, according to him, the foremost of the suprarenal masses in the Elasmobranchs, viz.
The Origin of Vertebrates Walter Holbrook Gaskell

Compress the carotid, and you obtain the clouding-over of the intellect.
The Mind and the Brain Alfred Binet

The knife may even reach the vertebral column without damaging the contents of the carotid sheath.
Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities–Head–Neck. Sixth Edition. Alexander Miles

Thus, in the carotid of the horse the velocity was found to be 300 mm.
Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension: Louis Marshall Warfield

He gave directions for avoiding the carotid artery and internal jugular vein in operations upon the neck.
Outlines of Greek and Roman Medicine James Sands Elliott

It was a puncture of the carotid artery, and you couldn’t do that with this if you tried.
The Crime Doctor Ernest William Hornung

We arranged apparatus making it possible to hold the pressure in the carotid artery of dogs at maximum or minimum.
Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension: Louis Marshall Warfield

Light from pressing the eye-ball, and sound from the pulsation of the carotid artery.
Zoonomia, Vol. I Erasmus Darwin

The bullet entered the right side of the neck, penetrated a few inches, and stopped right on the sheath of the carotid artery.
Trooper Bluegum at the Dardanelles Oliver Hogue

either one of the two principal arteries that supply blood to the head and neck
of or relating to either of these arteries

1540s, “pertaining to the two great arteries of the neck,” from Greek karotides “great arteries of the neck,” plural of karotis, from karoun “plunge into sleep or stupor,” because compression of these arteries was believed to cause unconsciousness (Galen). But if this is folk etymology, the Greek word could be from kara “head,” related to kranion “skull, upper part of the head,” from PIE root *ker- “horn, head” (see horn (n.)).

carotid ca·rot·id (kə-rŏt’ĭd)
Either of two major arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood to the head. adj.
Relating to either of these arteries.


Read Also:

  • Carotid-body

    a small mass of cells and nerve endings adjacent to the carotid sinus that, in response to chemical changes in the blood, adjusts the respiratory rate. carotid body n. A small epithelioid structure, located just above the bifurcation of the common carotid artery on each side that serves as a chemoreceptor organ responsive to lack […]

  • Carotid bruit

    carotid bruit carotid bruit n. A bruit produced by blood flow in a carotid artery.

  • Carotid canal

    carotid canal carotid canal n. A passage through the petrous part of the temporal bone that transmits the internal carotid artery.

  • Carotid ganglion

    carotid ganglion carotid ganglion n. A small ganglionic swelling on the filaments from the internal carotid plexus, lying on the undersurface of the carotid artery in the cavernous sinus.

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