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a heavily armed war galley of ancient Greece.
a suit of ancient Roman scale armor for a man or horse.
Zoology. the bony plates or scales covering the body of certain fishes or reptiles.
Historical Examples

cataphract, kat′a-frakt, n. (Milton) a soldier in full armour.
Chambers’s Twentieth Century Dictionary (part 1 of 4: A-D) Various


“coat of mail,” Middle English, from Latin cataphractes “breastplate of iron scales,” from Greek kataphraktes “coat of mail,” from kataphraktos “covered up,” from kataphrassein “to fortify,” from kata “entirely” (see cata-) + phrassein “to fence around, enclose, defend” (cf. diaphragm).


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    poultice. Historical Examples A plaster or cataplasm, with opium and camphor on the region of the stomach, will sometimes revert its retrograde motions. Zoonomia, Vol. II Erasmus Darwin And he jotted it down in his note-book, near the prices of Dare Devil and cataplasm. The Bill-Toppers Andre Castaigne This cataplasm is also highly commended by […]

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