a horseman, especially a mounted soldier; knight.
one having the spirit or bearing of a knight; a courtly gentleman; gallant.
a man escorting a woman or acting as her partner in dancing.
(initial capital letter) an adherent of Charles I of England in his contest with Parliament.
haughty, disdainful, or supercilious:
an arrogant and cavalier attitude toward others.
offhand or unceremonious:
The very dignified officials were confused by his cavalier manner.
(initial capital letter) of or relating to the Cavaliers.
(initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of the Cavalier poets or their work.
to play the cavalier.
to be haughty or domineering.
showing haughty disregard; offhand
a gallant or courtly gentleman, esp one acting as a lady’s escort
(archaic) a horseman, esp one who is armed
a supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War Compare Roundhead
1580s, from Italian cavalliere “mounted soldier, knight; gentleman serving as a lady’s escort,” from Late Latin caballarius “horseman,” from Vulgar Latin caballus, the common Vulgar Latin word for “horse” (and source of Italian cavallo, French cheval, Spanish caballo, Irish capall, Welsh ceffyl), displacing Latin equus (see equine).
Sense advanced in 17c. to “knight,” then “courtly gentleman” (but also, pejoratively, “swaggerer”), which led to the adjectival senses, especially “disdainful” (1650s). Meaning “Royalist adherent of Charles I” is from 1641. Meaning “one who devotes himself solely to attendance on a lady” is from 1817, roughly translating Italian cavaliere-servente. In classical Latin caballus was “work horse, pack horse,” sometimes, disdainfully, “hack, nag.” “Not a native Lat. word (as the second -a- would show), though the source of the borrowing is uncertain” [Tucker]. Perhaps from some Balkan or Anatolian language, and meaning, originally, “gelding.” The same source is thought to have yielded Old Church Slavonic kobyla.
“disdainful,” 1650s, from cavalier (n.). Earlier it meant “gallant” (1640s). Related: Cavalierly.
A skillful boxer as distinct from a slugger or caveman (1920s+ Prizefight)
one of a breed of small dogs developed from the English toy spaniel, having a long silky coat, usually white with chestnut markings, with fringes of longer hair on the ears, legs, tail, and feet. noun See King Charles spaniel
a group of English poets, including Herrick, Carew, Lovelace, and Suckling, mainly at the court of Charles I. plural noun a group of mid-17th-century English lyric poets, mostly courtiers of Charles I. Chief among them were Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew, Sir John Suckling, and Richard Lovelace
a lover; suitor.
Francesco Bonaventura [frahn-ches-kaw baw-nah-ven-too-rah] /frɑnˈtʃɛs kɔ ˌbɔ nɑ vɛnˈtu rɑ/ (Show IPA), 1598–1697, Italian mathematician. Historical Examples