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(Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II).
Jacques Alexandre César [ah-lek-sahn-druh sey-zahr] /ɑ lɛk sɑ̃ drə seɪˈzɑr/ (Show IPA), 1746–1823, French physicist and inventor.
Ray (Ray Charles Robinson) 1930–2004, U.S. blues singer and pianist.
Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay.
a river in E Massachusetts, flowing between Boston and Cambridge into the Atlantic. 47 miles (75 km) long.
a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning “man.”.
(“the Bald”) a.d. 823–877, king of France 840–877; as Charles II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 875–877.
1500–58, king of Spain 1516–56; as Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1519–56.
1600–49, king of Great Britain 1625–49 (son of James I).
1887–1922, emperor of Austria 1916–18; as Charles IV, king of Hungary 1916–18.
Charles I (def 2).
(“Charles the Fat”) a.d. 809–888, king of France 884–887; as Charles III, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 881–887.
1630–85, king of Great Britain 1660–85 (son of Charles I of England).
1661–1700, king of Spain 1665–1700.
Charles II (def 2).
(“Charles the Simple”) a.d. 879–929, king of France 898–923.
Charles VI (def 2).
1716–1788, king of Spain 1759–88; as Charles IV, king of Naples 1734–59.
(“Charles the Fair”) 1294–1328, king of France 1322–28.
(Charles of Luxembourg) 1316–78, king of Germany 1347–78 and Bohemia 1346–78; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1355–78.
Charles I (def 5).
Charles III (def 4).
(“Charles the Wise”) 1337–81, king of France 1364–80.
Charles I (def 3).
(“Charles the Mad”or”Charles the Well-beloved”) 1368–1422, king of France 1380–1422.
1685–1740, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1711–40; as Charles III, king of Hungary 1711–40.
(“Charles the Victorious”) 1403–61, king of France 1422–61 (son of Charles VI).
(Charles Albert) 1697–1745, elector of Bavaria 1726–45; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1742–45.
1470–98, king of France 1483–98 (son of Louis XI).
1550–74, king of France 1560–74.
1550–1611, king of Sweden 1604–11 (son of Gustavus I).
(Charles Gustavus) 1622–60, king of Sweden 1654–60.
1757–1836, king of France 1824–30.
1655–97, king of Sweden 1660–97 (son of Charles X).
1682–1718, king of Sweden 1697–1718.
Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules.
Contemporary Examples

Prince Charles’s Latest Online Announcement: Let Me Get Started Tom Sykes November 26, 2012
SOTU Advice: Hammer the GOP Michael Tomasky February 11, 2013
Charles and Camilla Delivered By Same Ob-Gyn Tom Sykes January 23, 2014
Andrew O’Hagan’s Six Favorite Essay Collections Andrew O’Hagan January 31, 2013
With Guns, the Threatened Can Quickly Become the Threat David Frum January 13, 2014

Historical Examples

The Evil Eye; Or, The Black Spector William Carleton
Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
The Entail John Galt
Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
Thorley Weir E. F. (Edward Frederic) Benson

Prince of Wales. born 1948, son of Elizabeth II; heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. He married (1981) Lady Diana Spencer; they separated in 1992 and were divorced in 1996; their son, Prince William of Wales, was born in 1982 and their second son, Prince Henry, in 1984; married (2005) Camilla Parker Bowles
Ray real name Ray Charles Robinson. 1930–2004, US singer, pianist, and songwriter, whose work spans jazz, blues, gospel, pop, and country music
title as Holy Roman Emperor of Charlemagne See Charlemagne
title as king of France of Charles II (Holy Roman Emperor) See Charles II
title as king of Spain of Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) See Charles V (sense 2)
title of Charles Stuart 1600–49, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49); son of James I. He ruled for 11 years (1629–40) without parliament, advised by his minister Strafford, until rebellion broke out in Scotland. Conflict with the Long Parliament led to the Civil War and after his defeat at Naseby (1645) he sought refuge with the Scots (1646). He was handed over to the English army under Cromwell (1647) and executed
1887–1922, emperor of Austria, and, as Charles IV, king of Hungary (1916–18). The last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, he was forced to abdicate at the end of World War I
known as Charles the Bald. 823–877 ad, Holy Roman Emperor (875–877) and, as Charles I, king of France (843–877)
the title as king of France of Charles III (Holy Roman Emperor) See Charles III (sense 1)
1630–85, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660–85) following the Restoration (1660); son of Charles I. He did much to promote commerce, science, and the Navy, but his Roman Catholic sympathies caused widespread distrust
1661–1700, the last Hapsburg king of Spain: his reign saw the end of Spanish power in Europe
known as Charles the Fat. 839–888 ad, Holy Roman Emperor (881–887) and, as Charles II, king of France (884–887). He briefly reunited the empire of Charlemagne
1716–88, king of Spain (1759–88), who curbed the power of the Church and tried to modernize his country
known as Charles the Fair. 1294–1328, king of France (1322–28): brother of Isabella of France, with whom he intrigued against her husband, Edward II of England
1316–78, king of Bohemia (1346–78) and Holy Roman Emperor (1355–78)
1748–1819, king of Spain (1788–1808), whose reign saw the domination of Spain by Napoleonic France: abdicated
title as king of Hungary of Charles I See Charles I
1550–74, king of France (1560–74), son of Catherine de’ Medici and Henry II: his reign was marked by war between Huguenots and Catholics
known as Charles the Wise. 1337–80, king of France (1364–80) during the Hundred Years’ War
1500–58, Holy Roman Emperor (1519–56), king of Burgundy and the Netherlands (1506–55), and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56): his reign saw the empire threatened by Francis I of France, the Turks, and the spread of Protestantism; abdicated
known as Charles the Mad or Charles the Well-Beloved. 1368–1422, king of France (1380–1422): defeated by Henry V of England at Agincourt (1415), he was forced by the Treaty of Troyes (1420) to recognize Henry as his successor
1685–1740, Holy Roman Emperor (1711–40). His claim to the Spanish throne (1700) led to the War of the Spanish Succession
1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son of Charles VI. He was excluded from the French throne by the Treaty of Troyes, but following Joan of Arc’s victory over the English at Orléans (1429), was crowned
1697–1745, Holy Roman Emperor (1742–45) during the War of the Austrian Succession
title of Charles Gustavus. 1622–60, king of Sweden, who warred with Poland and Denmark in an attempt to create a unified Baltic state
1757–1836, king of France (1824–30): his attempt to restore absolutism led to his enforced exile
1655–97, king of Sweden (1660–97), who established an absolute monarchy and defeated Denmark (1678)
1682–1718, king of Sweden (1697–1718), who inflicted defeats on Denmark, Russia, and Poland during the Great Northern War (1700–21)
the title as king of Sweden and Norway of Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte See Bernadotte
French physicist and inventor who formulated Charles’s law in 1787. In 1783 he became the first person to use hydrogen in balloons for flight.


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