limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its purview.
(government, mainly US) competition and mutual restraint among the various branches of government
a system of constitutional government which guards against absolute power by providing for separate executive, judicial, and legislative bodies who share powers and thereby check and balance one another
A fundamental principle of American government, guaranteed by the Constitution, whereby each branch of the government (executive, judicial, and legislative) has some measure of influence over the other branches and may choose to block procedures of the other branches. Checks and balances prevent any one branch from accumulating too much power and encourage cooperation between branches as well as comprehensive debate on controversial policy issues. For example, to enact a federal law, the Senate and the House of Representatives must each vote to pass the law. In this sense, each house of Congress can check the other. Furthermore, even if the two houses do agree, the president must sign the law. If he chooses to veto the law, it can still be enacted if two-thirds of the members of both houses vote to override the veto. Under this arrangement, both Congress and the president can check each other. (See also appropriation, impeachment, judicial review, and separation of powers; also see chart, next page.)
System whereby each branch of an organization can limit the powers of the other branches, as in The union has used a system of checks and balances to prevent any large local from dominating its policies. This system was enacted through the Constitution of the United States in order to prevent any of its three branches from dominating the Federal government. The term is occasionally transferred to other mechanisms for balancing power.
storage, communications A computed value which depends on the contents of a block of data and which is transmitted or stored along with the data in order to detect corruption of the data. The receiving system recomputes the checksum based upon the received data and compares this value with the one sent with the data. […]
- Check that
verb phrase Ignore that last remark; never mind: Salt and pepper. Check that
- Check the plumbing
verb phrase To go to the toilet; see a man about a dog (1940s+)
[chek-uhp] /ˈtʃɛkˌʌp/ noun 1. a comprehensive physical examination: He went to the doctor for a checkup. 2. an examination or close scrutiny, as for verification, accuracy, or comparison: They gave the motor a checkup. /ˈtʃɛkˌʌp/ noun 1. an examination to see if something is in order 2. (med) a medical examination, esp one taken at […]