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[kriz-uh m] /ˈkrɪz əm/

a consecrated oil, usually mixed with balsam or balsam and spices, used by certainchurches in various rites, as in baptism, confirmation, and the like.
a mixture of olive oil and balsam used for sacramental anointing in the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches

“oil mingled with balm,” Old English chrisma, from Church Latin chrisma, from Greek khrisma “an unguent, anointing, unction,” from khriein “to anoint,” from PIE root *ghrei- “to rub” (cf. Lithuanian griejù “to skim the cream off”). Chrisom “baptismal robe,” is a c.1200 variant of this. Related: Chrismal; chrismatory.


Read Also:

  • Chrismation

    /ˌkrɪzˈmeɪʃən/ noun 1. (Greek Orthodox Church) a rite of initiation involving anointing with chrism and taking place at the same time as baptism

  • Chrismatory

    [kriz-muh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈkrɪz məˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ noun, plural chrismatories 1. a receptacle for chrism. /ˈkrɪzmətərɪ; -trɪ/ noun (pl) -ries 1. (RC Church) a small receptacle containing the three kinds of consecrated oil used in the sacraments

  • Chrismon

    [kriz-mon] /ˈkrɪz mɒn/ noun 1. .

  • Chrisom-child

    noun 1. a baptized child that dies in its first month.

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