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[kuh m-peet] /kəmˈpit/

verb (used without object), competed, competing.
to strive to outdo another for acknowledgment, a prize, supremacy, profit, etc.; engage in a contest; vie:
to compete in a race; to compete in business.
(intransitive) often foll by with. to contend (against) for profit, an award, athletic supremacy, etc; engage in a contest (with)

1610s, ” to enter or be put in rivalry with,” from Middle French compéter “be in rivalry with” (14c.), or directly from Late Latin competere “strive in common,” in classical Latin “to come together, agree, to be qualified,” later, “strive together,” from com- “together” (see com-) + petere “to strive, seek, fall upon, rush at, attack” (see petition (n.)).

Rare 17c., revived from late 18c. in sense “to strive (alongside another) for the attainment of something” and regarded early 19c. in Britain as a Scottish or American word. Market sense is from 1840s (perhaps a back-formation from competition); athletics sense attested by 1857. Related: Competed; competing.


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  • Competitive binding assay

    competitive binding assay com·pet·i·tive bind·ing assay (kəm-pět’ĭ-tĭv bīn’dĭng) n. An assay in which a biologically specific binding agent competes for radioactively labeled or unlabeled compounds, used especially to measure the concentration of hormone receptors in a sample by introducing a radioactively labeled hormone.

  • Competitive exclusion

    noun 1. (ecology) the dominance of one species over another when both are competing for the same resources, etc

  • Competitive inhibition

    competitive inhibition n. Blockage of the action of an enzyme on its substrate by replacement of the substrate with a similar but inactive compound that can combine with the active site of the enzyme but that is not acted upon or split by the enzyme. Also called selective inhibition.

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