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[kawr-tuh-koh-ster-oid, -steer-] /ˌkɔr tə koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-/

noun, Biochemistry.
any of a class of , as aldosterone, hydrocortisone, or cortisone, occurring in nature, especially as a product of the adrenal cortex, or synthesized.
any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases

by 1945, from cortico-, word-forming element from comb. form of Latin cortex “bark of a tree” (see cortex), applied since c.1890 to various surface structures of plants, animals, or organs + steroid. So called because they are produced in the adrenal cortex. Related: Corticosterone.

corticosteroid cor·ti·co·ste·roid (kôr’tĭ-kō-stēr’oid’, -stěr’-)
Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents.
(kôr’tĭ-kō-stîr’oid’, -stěr’-)
Any of the steroid hormones, such as cortisol or aldosterone, produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland. Corticosteroids are also produced synthetically for medicinal purposes.


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  • Corticosterone

    [kawr-ti-kos-tuh-rohn, -koh-stuh-rohn] /ˌkɔr tɪˈkɒs təˌroʊn, -koʊ stəˈroʊn/ noun, Biochemistry. 1. a steroid hormone, secreted by the adrenal cortex, that is involved in regulation of the water and electrolyte balance of the body. /ˌkɔːtɪˈkɒstəˌrəʊn/ noun 1. a glucocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Formula: C21H30O4 See also corticosteroid corticosterone cor·ti·cos·ter·one (kôr’tĭ-kŏs’tə-rōn’) n. A corticosteroid produced […]

  • Corticotroph

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  • Corticotrophic

    /ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈtrəʊfɪk/ adjective 1. stimulating the adrenal cortex; adrenocorticotrophic

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