[kawr-tuh-koh-ster-oid, -steer-] /ˌkɔr tə koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-/
any of a class of , as aldosterone, hydrocortisone, or cortisone, occurring in nature, especially as a product of the adrenal cortex, or synthesized.
any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases
by 1945, from cortico-, word-forming element from comb. form of Latin cortex “bark of a tree” (see cortex), applied since c.1890 to various surface structures of plants, animals, or organs + steroid. So called because they are produced in the adrenal cortex. Related: Corticosterone.
corticosteroid cor·ti·co·ste·roid (kôr’tĭ-kō-stēr’oid’, -stěr’-)
Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents.
Any of the steroid hormones, such as cortisol or aldosterone, produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland. Corticosteroids are also produced synthetically for medicinal purposes.
- Corticosteroid-binding globulin
corticosteroid-binding globulin n. See transcortin.
[kawr-ti-kos-tuh-rohn, -koh-stuh-rohn] /ˌkɔr tɪˈkɒs təˌroʊn, -koʊ stəˈroʊn/ noun, Biochemistry. 1. a steroid hormone, secreted by the adrenal cortex, that is involved in regulation of the water and electrolyte balance of the body. /ˌkɔːtɪˈkɒstəˌrəʊn/ noun 1. a glucocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Formula: C21H30O4 See also corticosteroid corticosterone cor·ti·cos·ter·one (kôr’tĭ-kŏs’tə-rōn’) n. A corticosteroid produced […]
corticotroph cor·ti·co·troph (kôr’tĭ-kō-trŏf’, trōf’) n. Any of the cells of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that produce adrenocorticotropic hormone.
/ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈtrəʊfɪk/ adjective 1. stimulating the adrenal cortex; adrenocorticotrophic