[in-floo-uh ns] /ˈɪn flu əns/
the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others:
He used family influence to get the contract.
the action or process of producing effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others:
Her mother’s influence made her stay.
a person or thing that exerts influence:
He is an influence for the good.
the exercise of similar power by human beings.
verb (used with object), influenced, influencing.
to exercise influence on; affect; sway:
to influence a person.
to move or impel (a person) to some action:
Outside factors influenced her to resign.
under the influence, Law. less than drunk but with one’s nervous system impaired:
He was driving while under the influence.
Also, under the influence of intoxicating liquor.
an effect of one person or thing on another
the power of a person or thing to have such an effect
power or sway resulting from ability, wealth, position, etc
a person or thing having influence
(astrology) an ethereal fluid or occult power regarded as emanating from the stars and affecting a person’s actions, future, etc
(informal) under the influence, drunk
to persuade or induce
to have an effect upon (actions, events, etc); affect
late 14c., an astrological term, “streaming ethereal power from the stars acting upon character or destiny of men,” from Old French influence “emanation from the stars that acts upon one’s character and destiny” (13c.), also “a flow of water,” from Medieval Latin influentia “a flowing in” (also used in the astrological sense), from Latin influentem (nominative influens), present participle of influere “to flow into,” from in- “into, in, on, upon” (see in- (2)) + fluere “to flow” (see fluent). Meaning “exercise of personal power by human beings” is from mid-15c.; meaning “exertion of unseen influence by persons” is from 1580s (a sense already in Medieval Latin, e.g. Aquinas). Under the influence “drunk” first attested 1866.
1650s, from influence (n.). Related: Influenced; influencing.
see: under the influence
[koun-ter] /ˈkaʊn tər/ adverb 1. in the wrong way; contrary to the right course; in the reverse or opposite direction. 2. contrary; in opposition (usually preceded by run or go): to run counter to the rules. adjective 3. opposite; opposed; contrary. noun 4. something that is opposite or contrary to something else. 5. a blow […]
[in-stuh ns] /ˈɪn stəns/ noun 1. a case or occurrence of anything: fresh instances of oppression. 2. an example put forth in proof or illustration: to cite a few instances. 3. Law. the institution and prosecution of a case. 4. Archaic. urgency in speech or action. 5. Obsolete. an impelling motive. verb (used with object), […]
[koun-ter-in-sur-juh n-see] /ˌkaʊn tər ɪnˈsɜr dʒən si/ noun, plural counterinsurgencies. 1. a program or an act of combating guerrilla warfare and subversion. adjective 2. of, relating to, or designed for combating guerrilla warfare and subversion: counterinsurgency funds. /ˌkaʊntərɪnˈsɜːdʒənsɪ/ noun 1. action taken by a government to counter the activities of rebels, guerrillas, etc n. 1962, […]
[koun-ter-in-tel-i-juh ns] /ˌkaʊn tər ɪnˈtɛl ɪ dʒəns/ noun 1. the activity of an service employed in thwarting the efforts of an enemy’s agents to gather information or commit sabotage. 2. an organization engaged in counterintelligence. /ˌkaʊntərɪnˈtɛlɪdʒəns/ noun 1. activities designed to frustrate enemy espionage 2. intelligence collected about enemy espionage n. also counter-intelligence, 1940, from […]