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[krin-l-in] /ˈkrɪn l ɪn/

a petticoat of haircloth or other stiff material, worn under a full skirt to keep it belled out.
a stiff, coarse cotton material for interlining.
a hoop skirt.
a reinforcement of iron straps for holding together brickwork, as of a furnace or chimney.
a stiff fabric, originally of horsehair and linen used in lining garments
a petticoat stiffened with this, worn to distend skirts, esp in the mid-19th century
a framework of steel hoops worn for the same purpose

1830, from French crinoline “hair cloth” (19c.), from Italian crinolino, from crino “horsehair” (from Latin crinis “hair”) + lino “flax, thread,” from Latin linum (see linen). So called from the warp and woof fibers of the original mixture.


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