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[en-vahy-ruh n-men-tl-ist, -vahy-ern-] /ɛnˌvaɪ rənˈmɛn tl ɪst, -ˌvaɪ ərn-/

an expert on environmental problems.
any person who advocates or works to protect the air, water, animals, plants, and other natural resources from pollution or its effects.
a person who believes that differences between individuals or groups, especially in moral and intellectual attributes, are predominantly determined by environmental factors, as surroundings, upbringing, or experience (opposed to ).
(psychol) the belief that a person’s behaviour is affected chiefly by his environment Compare hereditarianism
an adherent of environmentalism
a person who is concerned with the maintenance of ecological balance and the conservation of the environment
a person concerned with issues that affect the environment, such as pollution

1923, as a psychological theory (in the nature vs. nurture debate), from environmental + -ism. The ecological sense is from 1972. Related: Environmentalist (n.), 1916 in the psychological sense, 1970 in the ecological sense.


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  • Environmentally

    [en-vahy-ruh n-muh nt, -vahy-ern-] /ɛnˈvaɪ rən mənt, -ˈvaɪ ərn-/ noun 1. the aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences; surroundings; milieu. 2. Ecology. the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time. 3. the social and cultural forces that shape the life of a person […]

  • Environmental management

    noun an attempt to control human impact on and interaction with the environment in order to preserve natural resources Examples Environmental management focuses on the improvement of human welfare for present and future generations. Word Origin 1962

  • Environmental-medicine

    noun 1. the branch of medicine dealing with the effects of the environment on human health, especiallythe physical, mental, and emotional responses to environmental factors. 2. the study of the causes of disease in an environmental context, and the development of methods of detection, control, and prevention of environmentally related disease.

  • Environmental-protection-agency

    noun 1. . Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) An agency established by the United States government to coordinate federal programs aimed at combating pollution and protecting the environment.

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